Animals live near humans for many centuries. Today, October 4, people around the world celebrate world animal day: this date was established in 1931 at the International Congress of supporters of the protection of nature. Today, the international community urged to draw people’s attention to other inhabitants of our planet, which is often called our smaller brothers. However, animals, like humans, can get sick: some diseases are dangerous for themselves and for the people. So let’s look at what diseases can be transmitted from animals to humans and how to protect from disease for themselves and their Pets.
The most common zoonoses: what animals they are passed
Zoonoses are diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans. The most famous zoonotic disease is considered rabies: a serious infectious disease that is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected animal and attacks the nervous system. If time does not introduce a special vaccine against rabies, then the person dies. Pets can get rabies from wild foxes, Martens, etc. However, there are many zoonoses, which can be infected while playing with your beloved pet, a Pat harmless squirrel in the Park or a stray animal on the street.
Often carriers of infectious diseases and parasites are cats, dogs and, less frequently, pigs, cows, goats, rabbits, rats. The most common infections that can be transmitted from animals (including Pets) is leptospirosis and salmonellosis. Human infection occurs through contact with water, food, land (soil), which hit the urine of infected animals. The disease manifests itself with fever, vomiting, rash, diarrhea. Leptospirosis affects the kidneys, liver, brain and spinal cord, and therefore requires immediate treatment. Salmonella is a fairly common gastrointestinal infection which can be infected through contact with feces of animals. This is especially dangerous disease for young children.
Animals often become carriers of parasites
The roundworm, toxoplasmosis, echinococcosis – this is not a full list of helminth infections (parasitic diseases) that humans can get from animals. Toxoplasmosis is often spread by cats that go outdoors: the animal itself rapidly to cope with the infection, but the parasites can remain in its feces. This disease is dangerous for pregnant women – or rather, for the unborn child, so women during pregnancy, as well as children and people with weakened immune systems not recommended to remove the cats.
Hydatid disease is the helminth infections, which more common in areas with developed pastoralism. Helminth eggs get on the fur of animals, soil, water, etc. So you can become infected not only through contact with animals, but gathering mushrooms, berries or forgetting to wash your hands after a walk.
Dangerous infections can be transmitted from domestic and wild rodents. So, rabbits carry tularemia, and mouse and rat – lymphocytic choriomeningitis and Hantaan. To get chanthanom even breathing in dust that is contaminated by feces of mice. So if the room is infested with mice or rats, then you should not sweep the floor, creating a cloud of dust, before you treat the room. All work should be carried out in rubber gloves, then do a wet cleaning, and burn everything you worked – rags, gloves, etc.
How to protect yourself from the incidence of zoonoses
Not to be infected by zoonoses, follow the simple advice of doctors:
- wash hands thoroughly after streets, clean up after your pet, before eating
- regularly visit the vet with your pet, follow all vaccination, don’t forget to give anthelmintic drugs
- try to play with the animals so that they do not bite and are not scratched
- watch out for animals on the walk, so it does not drink from puddles, eat feces
- do not contact with the homeless and, especially wild animals
- if you are bitten by a stray or wild animal, immediately contact the emergency room.