When a person feels that he is popping up like a heart, very high probability that we are talking about arrhythmia. One of its kinds – atrial fibrillation, or atrial fibrillation. What is this condition and why it can be so dangerous?
What is atrial fibrillation?
Atrial fibrillation is a heart rhythm disturbance, which is characterized by frequent, chaotic contraction of muscle fibers of the Atria. In atrial fibrillation the heart rate can reach 300-700 beats per minute. With atrial fibrillation the Atria pump more often than the ventricles, leading to improper and irregular heartbeats. For effective work of the heart required sequential contraction of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias when this balance is disturbed. In atrial fibrillation the Atria only twitching in a chaotic manner, but don’t contract properly, causing the ventricles is reduced and irregular.
To atrial fibrillation can lead the prophets of the heart, heart failure, myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease and other cardiovascular diseases. Attack atrial fibrillation may occur as a result of alcohol abuse, it can cause thyroid disease, hormonal disorders.
Atrial fibrillation is one of the possible complications after surgery, a stroke, it can occur as a result of stress, use of certain medications. Adverse factors for the development of arrhythmias – diabetes, obesity, hypertension.
Why is atrial fibrillation dangerous?
Atrial fibrillation in itself is a huge burden on the heart. In addition, it is often accompanied with tachycardia when the heart rate per minute higher than normal. This increases the already heavy load on the heart, leading to serious consequences such as angina, myocardial infarction, heart failure. Failure of heart rate provokes a reduction in emission of blood from the heart, which can lead to disruption of organs and systems.
How to recognize atrial fibrillation?
Sometimes atrial fibrillation does not manifest itself, and to reveal it only at the time of the visit to the cardiologist. Atrial fibrillation is clearly seen on the ECG. However, it is often wrong and may suspect the patient for the following symptoms:
- palpitations: it’s like your heart jumps out of my chest, the rhythm gives in the ears;
- the pain of stabbing nature in the chest;
- severe sweating;
- shortness of breath;
- muscle weakness;
- sharp and unwarranted panic attack.
How to deal with atrial fibrillation?
For the treatment of atrial fibrillation using multiple drugs. First, are drugs that reduce heart rate, that is, relieve symptoms of tachycardia. Secondly, it is a drugs for the prevention of stroke and blood clots. These medications thin the blood, but to take them cautiously, strictly adhering to the prescribed dosage and regularly donating blood clotting. Thirdly, it is the medicines to control heart rhythm. For effective treatment of atrial fibrillation need to keep the increased heart rate at around 60 beats per minute.
The sooner the patient recognize the symptoms of atrial fibrillation and to ask for help to the cardiologist, the better. After all, in the early stages of disease development with it is much easier and faster to handle, to bring the situation under control.