Cardiology

Beware: spring fever cardiovascular diseases

Cardiovascular disease is called the trouble of the 21st century, and even healthy people in the spring and autumn season need to pay more attention to their health. Every year Ukraine loses approximately 500 thousand inhabitants due to cardiovascular disease. This is more than infectious, cancer and other diseases, even combined.

Manifest itself as disease in the spring?

People who suffer cardiovascular diseases, especially in spring, are experiencing:

  • changes heart rhythm;
  • swelling of the legs;
  • pain behind the breastbone, which gives in the left hand and the neck (it may occur during psychological and physical stress, accompanied by General weakness, animname and pale skin);
  • shortness of breath and nausea;
  • dizziness, accompanied by tinnitus;
  • weakness in half of the body;
  • blurred vision;
  • “swallowing” words when speaking.

Such symptoms may indicate the most common cardiovascular diseases:

  • hypertension;
  • coronary heart disease;
  • cardiomyopathy;
  • heart failure;
  • defects of the heart valves;
  • peripheral arterial disease;
  • inflammatory heart disease;
  • rhythm disorders palpitations;
  • stroke and cerebrovascular disease;
  • a heart attack.

The best defense of his health – disease prevention

To reduce the risk of acute cardiovascular diseases to adhere to the following rules:

  • Fill your diet with foods that are composed are mostly fiber and low fat. Fruit, vegetables and cereals.
  • Lower your consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • Leave Smoking;
  • If blood pressure is elevated, try to normalize it;
  • If you are overweight, work on reducing the amount of adipose tissue;
  • Scroll to 30 minutes every day for physical activity. It could even be an elementary walk in the fresh air.
  • Try to reduce stress levels.

From the list it is easy to identify the main risk factors. It is: lack of physical activity, bad habits, high blood pressure, obesity, frequent stress. Also cardiovascular diseases at risk for people suffering from diabetes and high cholesterol. More prone to such diseases people become with age.

Even healthy people need at least once a year to pass inspection. Prevention and treatment of early stage disease is a better alternative to a lifelong struggle with chronic diseases.

What to do if you already became a bad thing?

The answer is simple – you need to call the ambulance. But while it’s in the way, you need to provide people first aid. If you suffer from cardiovascular disease, primarily in the first aid kit should include: aspirin, Corvalol, validol, nitroglycerine.

Aspirin is the first help if you have symptoms of a heart attack or stroke. A stroke can be recognized by sudden headache, impairment of vision, speech and movements. To help the situation, you need 325 mg aspirin to put under the tongue. A heart attack indicates his sharp pain in left side sternum and heart rhythm disturbance. In this case, effective is nitroglycerin.

The nitroglycerin in the amount of one or half tablet should be placed under the tongue until complete resorption for heart attacks, angina and heart attack.

Validol and Korvalol – good helpers for stress. And the last is also antispasmodic remedy. The usual dosage is 30-40 drops on a lump of sugar.

Our health is in our hands, we have the necessary knowledge and resources to be protected. Let’s use these opportunities.