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Allergology

Cold Allergy: how to recognize and treat the disease

Allergic to the cold with the arrival of cold weather bothers a lot of people of different ages. Universal method once and for all get rid of this nasty problems, no. But understanding the causes of allergic reactions and methods of prevention will help protect against unpleasant lesions, redness, and other manifestations of the disease.

Why cold allergic

Allergic reaction to cold, also called cold urticaria as a manifestation of the disease in most cases is characterized by a rash similar to a burn from a nettle. Worried about cold Allergy, young people and the older generation: the average age suffering from 20-50 years. Manifest an allergic reaction, not only at the onset of the cold season, and when bathing in cool water or wash in her hands. But most often, cold urticaria, it is concerned about with the onset of cold.

Allergic to the cold is the immune disease, the causes of which may be:

– heredity
– infectious disease
– long chronic disease
– Oncology.

So, provoke an allergic reaction can the herpes virus in the body, untreated otitis media, tonsillitis, dental caries, etc. In the cause of genetic factor allergic reaction to the cold is the inability of cryoglobulins (abnormal protein) to dissolve under the action of low temperature air or water. Which leads to clogging of small blood vessels and the appearance on the skin “hives”.

How does cold Allergy

While washing hands in cold water or stay out in the cold, some people begins to redden and peel off the skin, there is itching in place of redness, small rash, up to the formation of blisters and swelling. Can also eyes water, there is a stuffy nose and cough. When drinking a cold drink or food from someone like that starts to hurt the stomach, you may experience swelling of the tongue and nasopharynx.

About the presence of cold Allergy will tell you a simple test. Enough be applied to the skin for one minute, the ice cube (long to keep ice on exposed skin). If the skin is not only red, but you see a slight rash or blister – then you have a cold Allergy.

What to do if you are allergic to the cold

Why in the human body there are crioglobuline to the end of medicine is not studied yet. Cold urticaria can occur in childhood or adolescence and then disappear and on the contrary, begin to bother a person after 20 years. Initially, it is important to find out the cause of cold Allergy. This can only be done by a specialist, so without consulting a doctor can not do. You will need to pass a comprehensive examination to find out whether in the body, viral infection, etc.

It seems to a blood test, a survey of the abdominal organs on the ultrasound machine. Initially, the doctor will prescribe the treatment of a pathology, if available will be identified. After a month after treatment is concluded, whether follow-up treatment. Directly allergic reaction help to remove antihistamines may be prescribed treatment with corticosteroids (hormonal drugs). Also good effect autohemotherapy is the treatment of a patient by administering to him his own blood. This method helps to stimulate the immune system to fight disease.

As a folk method of treatment of Allergy to cold suggest hardening, according to the principle of “like cures like”, however, the effectiveness of this method has not been proven. Besides uncontrolled douche or douche an individual with cold Allergy may cause swelling in the throat and impede breathing until a complete stop and anaphylactic shock (reaction to contact with an allergen).

Doctors recommend during the cold urticaria try not to SuperCool, rarely in contact with cold water, protect the body from the cold and wind in the cold season. Better dressed in clothes made of natural fabrics. When out in the cold on the skin should be applied with special tools or creams with UV filters, on the lips, apply chapstick. If there is a skin rash or redness, the affected area should be lubricated with antihistamine ointment.

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