Gastroenterology

Constipation in adults: why do the intestines do not work?

Problems with bowel movements experienced at least once by every person. To talk about constipation is a shy, continuing to experience discomfort and self-medicate. An important point in this problem is not the frequency of bowel movements (feces), as a bowel movement every 2 or 3-4 days is the norm. And the presence of feelings of discomfort, unpleasant painful sensations, and appearance (consistency) of stool.

Why is there a problem in the bowel

The cause of constipation can be as the disease, and the “banal” ignoring the urge to defecate, inadequate nutrition and stress. The most common causes of constipation are:

  • Untimely bowel movements when the person holding back the urge (because of employment, etc.)
  • Anal fissure, hemorrhoids
  • Sedentary lifestyle, unbalanced diet and large gaps between meals
  • Stress, change of routine, lack of sleep
  • Lack of fluid and fiber in diet
  • Medicines
  • The weakening of the abdominal muscles (in the elderly).

If constipation alternate with diarrhea, the cause may be irritable bowel syndrome. Also often problems with bowel movements occur in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GI) tract: gastritis, peptic ulcer, colitis, etc., or tumors – cancer, polyps, etc.

How to understand that you have problems with the digestive tract

Normal chair gastroenterologists believe bowel movements 1 or 2 times a day, and 1 every 2-3 days if bowel movements occur without additional natureline. Some people go to the toilet “in large”, 1 every 3-5 days and it can also be within the normal range, if the bowel movement happens freely, the person feels no discomfort. To constipation say if appear:

  • Pressure or pinching in the rectum, the stool comes out with difficulty
  • We are also concerned about feeling crowded intestines, gases, defecation becomes painful
  • The shape of the stool – it becomes fine (like goat or sheep), or Vice versa, in the form of a tape, is present in the stool mucus, the remains of undigested food.

If the bowel movement becomes impossible and leaves only the slime or liquid, although you eat full and not dieting. As well as nausea, lost appetite, had a fever above 37, 5 – an urgent need to seek medical help. However, if constipation occurs continuously or periodically, not just once, with the advice of the doctor also pull not worth it. Problems of the digestive tract deals with the gastroenterologist.

Treatment of constipation and related gastrointestinal diseases

Going to the doctor is necessary: the specialist will help to rule out or confirm hemorrhoids, anal fissure, prescribe the right treatment. If constipation is caused by more serious diseases such as tumors, the doctor will redirect the person to a relevant specialist. If you have problems in the stomach (which leads to a malfunction of the intestine), pancreas, liver, etc. to obtain the correct treatment will need to undergo a series of examinations for example ultrasound, gastroscopy, blood tests, etc.

Also the doctor will give advice on nutrition, exercise regimen, if necessary, prescribe a laxative or antispasmodic agent, a suppository or enema, etc-Medication in this case, as in any other dangerous, because without detailed survey to establish the true cause of constipation is impossible. Independent and uncontrolled use of laxatives leads to addiction and more problems in the bowel.