Dry cough and hoarse voice, frequent “companions” of a cold. And also this symptoms of laryngotracheitis, inflammation simultaneously in the larynx and the trachea, the danger to health which are often overlooked. Laryngotracheitis is especially dangerous for young children and adults, the disease brings a lot of trouble. Today, amid another outbreak of SARS, the prevention and treatment of laryngotracheitis particularly relevant.
Why is there inflammation in the larynx and trachea
Acute laryngotracheitis develops on the background of infectious diseases: the main cause of diseases are viruses and bacteria. Influenza, SARS, measles “chicken pox” and a number of other diseases are often “border” with laryngotracheitis. In such cases, a healthy person becomes infected airborne droplets from the patient. Inflammatory process both in the larynx and the trachea develops as a complication of chronic tonsillitis or quinsy (acute tonsillitis), rhinitis (runny nose) or sinusitis (the most common of sinusitis – sinusitis) and other diseases of ENT-organs.
Contribute to the development of laringotracheitis the following factors:
- Weakened immunity, frequent illnesses ( including chronic) hypothermia
- Diseases of the respiratory system – asthma, emphysema etc.
- Violation of nasal breathing, chronic sinusitis, deviated septum, following trauma to the nose, allergies
- Natural factors – too dry or humid air, poor environment (dust, smog)
- Professional factors – work in hazardous work, the voice and the respiratory load, etc.
Signs of laryngotracheitis and complications of the disease
Laryngotracheitis is characterized by a dry, “barking” cough is the main symptom of the disease. Cough may occur in bouts, especially at night and in the morning. Coughing can provoke cold air, laughter, just a sharp intake of breath. Also, when laryngotracheitis concerned Siplast voice, scratchy and dry throat, the gradual release of mucus, which is becoming more abundant and viscous.
If laryngotracheitis not treated or treated incorrectly, the condition will be complicated by the development of bronchitis or pneumonia (pneumonia). In children under 5 years laryngotracheitis may be complicated by narrowing of the lumen of the larynx and respiratory failure )the so-called false croup), which requires urgent hospitalization of the child.
Treatment and prevention of laryngotracheitis
In most cases laryngotracheitis treated at home in compliance with all recommendations of the doctor. That is, turn to the therapist, pediatrician or Laura have to the doctor prescribe adequate treatment. In addition to taking medication, it is important to comply with bed rest, drinking warm liquid such as tea, juice, but not acidic drinks, irritating the larynx. It is important to have in the room, regular wet cleaning, the air in the room of the sick should be moist and warm (not below 20 degrees). To alleviate the condition will help inhalation: especially useful to carry out the procedure using a special device – nebulizer.
Prevention of laryngotracheitis is the same as any colds: strengthen immunity, prevent hypothermia, timely treatment of colds, SARS and any disease, Smoking cessation, nutrition and rest. Prevent the development of chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis and other diseases of ENT-organs during periods of seasonal epidemics of SARS pay more attention to personal hygiene and try not to be in places of a mass congestion of people unnecessarily.