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Gastroenterology

Fatty liver disease: who and why hurt the liver

Fat accumulation in the liver is not always associated with excess weight. Steatosis or fatty liver is a condition that can develop in a rather thin people. The main reason for the accumulation in the liver tissue of fat often becomes unbalanced and irregular meals, which leads to violations of metabolism.

What is steatosis of the liver

Fatty liver develops as a result of accumulation in liver fat, the body can not cope with their functions. Accumulation of fat may be located in the liver cells and intercellular space. Fatty liver disease is associated with overweight and obesity only not always. Often people are not even aware of the problems with the liver, since it did not bother. Because liver cells are able to recover on its own, so some time on, the only way that is able to regenerate, it works as before.

Liver pains appear already at the advanced stage of the disease. Often, in addition to obesity, feeding disorders, the cause of fatty liver are starvation or strict diets. The liver receives all the necessary for the healthy functioning of substances, disturbed metabolism and the body gradually begins to accumulate fat.

Who is at risk for fatty liver

On the development of fatty liver disease say the following symptoms and condition of the body:

  • Nausea, heaviness in the bowels and a feeling of bloating, pain in the right hypochondrium
  • Skin problems: excessive dryness, or the opposite – oiliness, acne
  • Loss or sudden graying of hair
  • Problems with the menstrual cycle – pain, irregular
  • Frequent infectious diseases
  • Reduced blood clotting
  • Allergies.

In addition to obesity, steatosis of the liver often occurs in diabetes mellitus, chronic digestive diseases, when taking certain medications.

How to avoid problems with the liver and whether the liver be treated?

In cases of suspected liver disease, including fatty liver, poor digestive and just to prevent you can consult a gastroenterologist. The doctor will examine, will gather all data by asking you about the health, the transferred diseases, nutrition, etc. will Also need to pass ultrasound and/or computed tomography (CT) of the liver. If fatty liver is left untreated, may eventually develop cirrhosis of the liver. The treatment of fatty liver mainly aimed at changing diet and lifestyle.

You should limit use of animal fats, add to or increase in their menu foods such as cottage cheese, oatmeal, buckwheat. The doctor will also prescribe vitamin complexes and hepatoprotectors – drugs that will help the liver to regenerate soon. Also important feasible physical activity regardless of age: from walking or pool to a Jogging or training in the gym. It is important not only to diet, but to continue to eat rationally, to give up bad habits and lead an active lifestyle.

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