One of the quick and informative methods for diagnosis of gynecological diseases is cervical Cytology. Often when a visit to the gynecologist when the doctor tells the woman about the need to pass such a diagnosis, she panics. However, cytological examination of the condition of the vagina and cervix is necessary to control women’s health tests. To be frightened it is not necessary that every woman needs to know-what method of laboratory diagnostics and why to do it.
PAP smear or PAP test – what is it?
Cytology of the cervix and cervical canal or cervical Cytology is the study under the microscope of cells collected from the cervix. Other names of the cytological analysis of cervical smears (synonyms) – is a PAP test, PAP test, Pap smear. Cytological analysis of cervical smears called PAP-test after the Greek doctor George Papanicolaou.
He first discovered that cancer cells can be determined in vaginal smears and invented the technique of staining, which is still in use. The main objective of cervical Cytology smears:
- the detection of atypical cells;
- diagnosis of precancerous changes (dysplasia) and cervical cancer (CC).
When administered PAP test: what does the doctor
The procedure for taking a smear the short, low-impact, safe and in most cases painless. Sometimes a woman may feel a light, fleeting discomfort after a PAP test. In 90% of cases Cytology of the cervical smears done in order to make sure that I stahnsdorf women normal. In terms of cervical screening by a PAP test are performed on all women aged 18-65 years. Again, in the case of normal results of the first study, Cytology do every 1-3-5 years. An unscheduled cervical Cytology, the gynecologist may prescribe in such cases as:
- Pregnancy preparation.
- Diagnosis of viral infections (HPV, genital herpes).
- Metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes.
- Preparing for the introduction of IUDs.
- Hormonal contraception.
It is optimal to do a swab for Cytology after menstruation, and until the middle of next menstrual cycle. For 48-24 hours before taking a smear is recommended:
- To abstain from sexual contact.
- Not to use vaginal products (candles, creams, gels, etc.).
- Not to douche.
The doctor inserts it into the cervical canal to a depth of 1.5-2 cm cervical brush collects a tissue sample and places it on the prepared slide and label. Technicians then examine the collected materials.
How to behave after PAO test and are there any contraindications?
If the doctor asked me to retake a PAP test – do not panic. Practice shows that up to 20% of strokes are repeated. After the procedure is important:
- To refrain from sexual intercourse for 1-2 days.
- Otherwise lead a normal lifestyle.
- If necessary, the doctor makes individual recommendations.
Contraindications for Cytology:
- Acute genital infection (itching, copious, purulent, with a pungent odor, frothy vaginal discharge)
If you want to take the test again or doubt the results of the study, which took place in pollis residence, you can choose other gynecological clinic.