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Cardiology

Heart rhythm disorders: arrhythmia – what is it?

One of the most common arrhythmias is a premature beats. In this condition, a person starts, the extraordinary contraction of the heart or some part of it. Arrythmia is fixed at more than 70% of people aged 50 years and older at the time of the ECG (electrocardiogram). This does not mean that all these people are sick: premature beats often occur in healthy people, and he doesn’t feel that his heart rate somehow. However, extrasystoles may lead to the development of a number of complications.

Why develop arrythmia

The extraordinary contraction of the heart may occur in a healthy person with frequent stress, heavy physical work, frequent use of strong tea and coffee, alcohol, drugs, and Smoking. Premature beats can often occur in women during menstruation, vascular dystonia, osteochondrosis of the spine – especially the cervical spine, at a high temperature of the body and while taking certain medications.

Also, this cardiac arrhythmia can be a symptom of developing myocarditis, myocardial infarction, lack of blood circulation, cardiomyopathy, ischemic heart disease etc To develop ekstrasistolii may cause disturbances in the ratio of magnesium ions, potassium and calcium in the heart muscle.

What is arrythmia

When premature beats in healthy people any clinical manifestations of this condition may be absent. Sometimes it can be felt strong tremors in heart beats, feeling of heart, a sense of fading in the center of the chest. If the abnormal heart rhythm caused by neurosis, stress, vegetative disorders, it can also be observed pale skin, sweating, anxiety and lack of air.
The elderly people with diseases of the cardiovascular system may develop dizziness and fainting.

What is the danger of ekstrasistolii and how to avoid it

The appearance of the above symptoms, you should seek medical attention: the treatment of such violations engaged in by a cardiologist. Definitely need to establish the true cause of heart rhythm disorders, to be diagnosed. Constant arrythmia may be complicated by cardiac and renal insufficiency, poor circulation of the brain and progress to a more severe form of arrhythmia, which is dangerous for life.

Prevention of cardiac arrhythmias is reduced to the timely diagnosis and treatment of cardiac diseases, a healthy lifestyle, proper diet, rest, avoiding harmful habits, physical activity. It is also important to promptly treat any disease and prevent its transition into the chronic form.