Cardiology

Heart valve insufficiency: how to suspect a pathology?

Headaches, fatigue for no apparent reason may indicate cardiac pathology. One of these is often diagnosed pathology of the heart is a prolapse, in other words an insufficiency of the mitral valve that can leak bessimptomnom. A person can live for years and not realize that one of the valves of his heart has a defect. This pathology is detected during examinations of the heart, the threat to the health and life of humans is not in most cases. However, in some situations mitral heart valve requires treatment and monitoring by a cardiologist.

What happens when mitral valve

This valve is a heart defect is most often congenital and is found even in childhood, when conducting a heart ultrasound or echocardiography. For this cardiac pathology is characterized by the bulging or bowing of the leaf (or both leaves) in the left atrioventricular valve, causing the valve not fully closed when the work of the heart.

The person far from medicine, it is difficult to understand the anatomical features of the heart, it is important to know how dangerous such a state of his health and what to do. This heart defect in most cases not dangerous and does not require any special therapy. But the cardiologist is important to assess the degree of impairment of cardiac muscle in the identification of mitral valve prolapse to determine the presence or absence of indications for treatment. If this pathology is accompanied by a number of symptoms, including pain, such a condition is dangerous for health and require treatment.

What symptoms would indicate a heart disease

Mitral heart valve can be caused not only by congenital changes in the tissues of the heart. But also to develop endocrine pathologies, rheumatism, injuries of the thorax and the existing disease of the cardiovascular system. Future kid mitral valve prolapse can develop due to the mother during pregnancy, infectious diseases, poor environment, and work in hazardous industries, etc.

This cardiac pathology may be asymptomatic and may be manifested by dizziness, shortness of breath, pain in the heart area, fatigue, headaches, heart palpitations. However, Takei symptoms can appear in many other diseases, so an accurate diagnosis can only specialist.

If diagnosed, what is the prognosis?

In congenital mitral valve prolapse that is asymptomatic does not require special treatment, a person can exercise and live a full life. But each case is individual, so your doctor may recommend physical therapy, psychological help, because in the background of pathologies of the heart may occur depression. When mitral valve prolapse it is important to monitor the normalization of work and rest, avoid fatigue, dosed physical load, etc., also such people recommended dispensary to be observed at the cardiologist.

If the symptom is pronounced, the specialist prescribes therapy aimed at reducing autonomic disorders, prevention of development of degeneration of the heart muscle infectious and inflammatory processes in the heart. If heart failure progresses, the doctor raises the question of the prosthetic heart valve. Prevention mitral valve prolapse, it is crucial to identify and treat infectious diseases.