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Neurology

How to recognize the first signs of a stroke?

If you recognize the approach of a stroke and provide timely patient care, serious side effects can be greatly minimized. The trend to early onset of various diseases touched and stroke. If previously in the risk group consisted of people aged over 50 years, now a stroke in 40 years is becoming more common.

What is a stroke?

Is a clinical syndrome in which the blood circulation in the brain. He is accompanied by severe neurological symptoms. Stroke, by its nature, is different. It can be divided into two subspecies:

  • ischemic (cerebral infarction), based on the violation of blood circulation in a certain area of the brain.

  • hemorrhagic – caused by rupture of the vascular wall in the brain. Accompanied by a high degree of danger to life. Is 10% of the cases.

Coronary heart attack, in turn, are divided into cardioembolic, lacunar, atherothrombotic, and so the basis of all of the varieties on the following causes: spasm, narrowing of the vessel’s occlusion by thrombus, embolus, atherosclerotic plaque. When experiencing these processes, that some part of the brain is in a state of hypoxia or ischemia. This causes the death of nerve cells and weight of pathological reactions.

How to recognize an impending stroke?

Signals the onset of stroke there may be different symptoms. In particular, severe headache and dizziness. The distinctive symptoms are: feeling “chills” in some part of the head on one side of the body, on the right or left hand and foot. May appear disoriented or inadequate.

The signal indicating the imminent onset of stroke – facial asymmetry. If a person feels these symptoms, get him to smile. If a smile goes lopsided, you need to urgently seek medical help.

The distinctive symptom also advocates a certain kind of amnesia – people forget words. Most often, people cannot remember nouns. They can explain what the object is and its purpose, but the word can not remember.

Refer to the sudden awkwardness. Signs of stroke may be the inability to hold something in one hand, clinging to the threshold of one foot. May deteriorate the quality of vision, namely, objects in the lateral field of view become invisible, appears double vision.

Other symptoms of a stroke:

  • numbness areas of the face around the mouth;

  • fuzzy speech;

  • nausea, vomiting;

  • violation of swallowing;

  • sudden unsteadiness;

  • “flies” before the eyes.

The most obvious and common signs of a stroke – impaired speech and paralysis of half of body.

Who need to be especially careful?

Stroke in the elderly, who have increased blood pressure. The danger is also high cholesterol level and the disease atherosclerosis.

The risk group also includes people who have metabolic syndrome. It appears the fat in the waist area. Metabolic syndrome develops if the waist in women exceeds 88 cm men 102 cm-At-risk people with elevated blood sugar.

Risk factors for the development of the disease are: heart disease, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, Smoking, drug use, increased blood clotting.

The risk of stroke that he can hit a person with normal health. So you need to listen to your health and to respond to unusual manifestations.

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