Sometimes the child is so active that sustain her behavior very difficult. In this case, doctors speak about hyperactivity. What is it: the personality traits or a disease that should be treated? How to live side by side with a hyperactive child?
What is hyperactivity?
Medical science defines attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity as a disease, with damage to the brain, there is only a slight functional disorders of the Central nervous system. The main symptom of the disease – inability to concentrate for an extended period of time on one task. We not only have problems with excessive mobility, but also with concentration.
The basis of hyperactivity is minimal brain dysfunction. Through it the child is too mobile, impulsive, and inattentive. Before reaching adolescence increased mobility usually disappears, but inattention and impulsivity often progresses.
Boys are much more likely to suffer from hyperactivity than girls. Most of all it manifests itself in 6-12 years. According to various statistics, the attention deficit disorder have a 4 to 9 percent of children of primary school age.
Symptoms of hyperactivity
The main manifestations of hyperactivity three:
- The lack of attention.
- Impulsive, short temper.
- Increased mobility.
Hyperactivity can be felt from the first months of a child’s life. If she sleeps badly, cries a lot, very lively, excited, oversensitive to light, sounds, it may eventually manifest hyperactivity in full.
4-5 years old hyperactive child can’t focus in on one lesson, can neither minutes to sit in one place, very noisy.
Normally hyperactive children are quite capable, have a high level of intellectual development, but poorly in school. This is due to the inability to concentrate on one thing, impulsiveness, inattention. For the temper of these children don’t like teachers, they find it difficult to find a common language with their peers.
Possible causes of hyperactivity
Scientists suggest that the causes of hyperactivity may be:
- Complications during pregnancy: infections, intake of certain medicines, etc.
- Severe and unusual birth: a child’s injury, fetal hypoxia, rapid, or too prolonged confinement.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Smoking, consumption of alcohol by a woman during pregnancy.
But the exact causes of hyperactivity doctors don’t know.
How can I help the problem?
With hyperactivity can learn to live, although it is quite difficult, especially for adults who surround the child. Here’s practical advice if you have a hyperactive child:
- It should be very clear, concise and clearly put the task of the child.
- It is not necessary to give the child a few tasks at a time.
- The task must be time-bound.
- The change of activity the child needs to report in 10-15 minutes.
- You must gently try to prohibit something to your child, avoid the words “no”, “no”.
- It is worth trying to talk to the child calmly, without shouting.
- Verbal instructions should be reinforced visually, for example, make a plan-a calendar or diary, which will be marked with hours of classes and other activities.
In Western Europe and North America is used to treat hyperactivity with special medicines. However, we have such drugs are not registered and are not used in medical practice. Often in the matter of the treatment of hyperactivity help counseling psychologists, neurologists. Very important role plays compliance of a clear mode of the day.
Usually the symptoms of hyperactivity gradually disappear along with the process of growing up. In adolescence disappears excessive activity in youth decreases impulsivity, the latter disappears, attention deficit disorder, although sometimes it remains for life. However, not all bad: researchers have discovered that in the United States among adults with increased mobile activity 3.6 times more people who are engaged in private business and has been successful in this. Hyperactive people can take risks and not afraid to do that, they also had the ability to make decisions quickly. Sometimes it’s very useful in life.