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Cardiology

Hypertensive crisis: first aid and prevention of pressure increase

A sudden sharp increase in blood pressure called a hypertensive crisis. People with high blood pressure (chronic hypertension or arterial hypertension) control your blood pressure with blood pressure monitors and take special medicines. However, in the heat, the frequency of hypertensive crises is increasing as not watch the same kind of attack is sudden increase in pressure can occur not only in hypertensive patients.

How and why there is a hypertensive crisis

When hypertensive crisis along with a sharp rise in pressure, the person experiences nausea, headache, pain in the heart, can dramatically sweat. Each person has their own individual characteristics, so the values of blood pressure (BP) during the crisis may be different, not necessarily HELL “rolls over”. To provoke a hypertensive crisis in people with hypertension can not only heat or high humidity, but a break in treatment and self-discontinuation of medications prescribed by a cardiologist, a deviation from the diet (alcohol intake, excessive salt intake, smoked food, pickles, oily and fried foods in the diet).

Also people who do not have problems with the heart and blood vessels, a sharp rise in blood pressure can be caused by stressful situation, excessive physical exertion, alcohol, trouble with kidneys, the use of some medications (especially hormonal). Amid rapidly changing weather, when the day outside is hot and the night quite chilly, these factors can increase the risk of hypertensive crisis.

First aid for sudden increase in blood pressure

In uncomplicated crisis, when people in addition to increase in blood pressure feeling heart palpitations, he lacks air, hands trembling, it is important to calm him, to sit or lay in a comfortable position, to ensure the access of air. If patient is hypertensive, it is important to know what drugs he takes and whether he has his medication. If the person has already taken the medication, you re taking them can lead to the opposite reaction: HELL will fall below normal and the heart rhythm is disturbed. The medicines begin to act immediately, but in about 20 minutes. Also hypertensive patients, especially with edema, reduce high blood pressure help diuretics.

In uncomplicated crease the pressure in the middle decreases after half an hour, but monitoring and blood pressure should continue for a period of 6 hours, providing the victim at rest. In any case, cardiologists stress the need for seeking medical care. When you call the ambulance Manager shall specify, whether the measured AD, what are the exact symptoms for the victim and, depending on the symptoms, will receive either “ambulance” or “ambulance”. Complicated hypertensive crisis with vomiting, numbness of the hands and impairment of vision may lead to myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, acute violation of cerebral circulation. Therefore, people with these symptoms require immediate hospitalization.

Prevention of hypertensive crises

If you have hypertension and your doctor has prescribed medications, take them constantly. Even if the blood pressure is normalized, the abolition of drugs can cause a hypertensive crisis. If medications do not help, you should consult your cardiologist, he will reconsider the treatment regimen. It is important not only to control the pressure using a tonometer and to take timely medications and comply with physician-recommended diet, not to overwork, not to be in the heat for a long period of time, especially without headgear.

To avoid the development of hypertension and in the future, hypertensive crises, as corny as it sounds, will help balanced diet and the rejection of harmful products – fast food, convenience foods, fatty and fried foods, Smoking, reducing the amount of consumed alcohol and regular physical activity.