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Cardiology

Hypotension: how dangerous is chronically low blood pressure?

About hypertension as a dangerous disease you know everything, because it can cause stroke, heart attack and other extremely life-threatening condition. However, there is a disease that is the opposite of hypertension is hypotension. We are talking about chronically low blood pressure in humans. How dangerous is hypotension, how to treat it?

What is hypotension?

Blood pressure is one of the main indicators of human activity, it has as much importance as heart rate, breathing, body temperature. It is the force with which blood presses against the walls of blood vessels. The first number in this figure is the systolic pressure, which is generated in the vessels during a heartbeat (systole). The second number is the diastolic pressure, which is fixed in the vessels at the time of cardiac muscle relaxation (diastole).

Low pressure is considered 90/60 mm Hg.St. and below. Note, however, that for some people the pressure is normal, they feel these indicators are completely healthy. Therefore, the diagnosis of “hypotonia” is placed not only on the basis of indicators of pressure, but also by the aggregate of other symptoms.

Using chronically low blood pressure has the worsening of blood flow to the organs, which negatively affects the well-being and human health. For example, if there is not enough oxygen and nutrients gets to the brain, people will feel dizziness, may lose consciousness. Thus, the symptoms of hypotension include the following:

  • dizziness;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • drowsiness;
  • weakness;
  • headache;
  • poor concentration;
  • decreased performance;
  • sweating of palms and feet;
  • the decrease in body temperature to 35.8-36°C.

The most dangerous is the sudden decrease in blood pressure during blood loss, dehydration, diseases of the heart, anaphylactic shock. In these cases, the authorities sharply feel the deterioration of blood supply that can cause such serious consequences, such as heart, liver failure, impaired consciousness and even coma.

Hypotension is dangerous because it can be a symptom of certain diseases, for example, endocrine disorders. The reduction of pressure sometimes provokes the use of certain drugs, psychotropic substances, and alcohol.

If symptoms of hypotension occur in otherwise healthy people, most often the main cause of this is disruption in the autonomic nervous system. They can provoke stress, pain, overeating and the like. Also hypotension is associated with changes in atmospheric pressure.

How to deal with hypotension?

Hypotension is dangerous if it is a manifestation of certain diseases. Then you need to treat them but not symptoms, one of which is low blood pressure. Also the danger of hypotension is that a person can be bad at any place that is dangerous from the point of view of possible injury. For example, hypotension may lose consciousness in transport or on the street, get a bruise.

If low blood pressure is chronic and not associated with a specific disease, the person is reduced to measures for increasing vitality. She recommended more walking in the fresh air, to swim, to do morning exercises. Also plays an important role proper sleep of at least 8 hours a day. In addition, the important balance of physical and mental labor, need to avoid stress, over-voltage, do not forget about proper rest.

Of great importance in combating hypotension plays a balanced diet because hunger provokes the reduction of pressure. Therefore, it is recommended to eat 5-6 times a day small portions.

If these measures are not enough to normalize the illness, the doctor may prescribe drug therapy. Usually it is used of tincture on the basis of certain plants, such as ginseng, hawthorn, schisandra. They should be used only as directed by your doctor, strictly following the dosage.

In General, hypotension is not life-threatening, but it significantly degrades its quality. Therefore, to deal with low blood pressure is possible and necessary, we need only understand how to do it.