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Immunology

If not for vaccinations… Who is risking more, refusing vaccination

The last couple of decades society split into supporters and opponents of immunization. In the end, the consequences of mass refusals of vaccinations have increased incidence of almost forgotten childhood diseases, some of which ended sadly. Many parents believe, saying that vaccination does not guarantee that the child will not get sick. Yes, ill even vaccinated children but the disease occurs in mild form, moreover, is supported by collective immunity in kindergartens and schools. Yesterday in Europe and Ukraine launched immunization week, it’s time to learn more about vaccinations.

Why do we need vaccinations

Every year, vaccines save about 2.5 million children in the world, according to UN data. For the prevention of several diseases in General, not just childhood diseases, no other method, except for vaccination, no. For comparison: still in the 20th century polio took the lives of more than 16 thousand people in the world, smallpox more than 30 thousand. And as of 2014 there were only 500 cases of polio, in Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan. According to statistics from UNICEF, 80% of infants in the Congo (Africa), where the level of vaccination of children is not something that would be low – it’s virtually nonexistent, dying from smallpox, polio, tetanus and other infectious diseases, which in Europe already do not remember.

However, in Ukraine again began to children die from tetanus, and the measles outbreak, which also resulted in the death of several children, still not fully eliminated. Parents are afraid that the vaccine will do more harm than good, because the vaccine contains attenuated or live viruses. Thanks to vaccination, our immune system learns to produce antibodies to viruses, the body “learns” to recognize the danger. And when infection already present in the virus the immune system actively prepared to resist disease.

One not vaccinated child “substitutes” already vaccinated

Thanks to vaccination creates herd immunity of others. If more than 80% of children in the team vaccinated when the outbreak of measles triggered by the same herd immunity that protects non-vaccinated children. Also in the adult population: if immunized 75-94% of the population, others who cannot be vaccinated due to contraindications, disease outbreaks protects herd immunity. Thus, from the choice of each individual parent depends on the health of all children in the group and, ultimately, the health of the whole nation. Yes, can get sick and vaccinated child. But in this case, the disease will pass without complications and in a more mild form, without any temperature under 40, exhausting cough, or convulsions.

And in relation to such a complex and dangerous diseases as tetanus, which can become infected, injured (cut, abrasion, puncture, etc.), the vaccine is the only method of prevention. But complications after vaccination, and even deaths, will shout some indignant parents! Immunologists and pediatricians say that a normal possible side reaction of a HEALTHY child’s body to the vaccine is redness at the place of business of the drug and of low grade (from 37, 2 to 38 ° C) temperature, no more. To exclude the possibility of even the slightest of post-vaccination complications (PVO), the child must be absolutely healthy, have no contraindications to vaccination.

What every parent should know before vaccinating

Cold (even light), existing disease in a child is a reason to defer vaccination. Is also important individual characteristics of the child, for example, innate Allergy or nicotine intoxication: in case of such conditions at the kid with the introduction of the vaccine to wait for the lack of response to the drug is simply useless. Learn all about the upcoming vaccination, vaccine, contraindications, etc., informed pediatricians, websites of relevant agencies, volunteer organizations.

Ask the health worker to show the vaccine bottle: the thermostat will show that medication was stored in appropriate conditions. If vaccination calendar coincides with the period of mass disease by a flu and ORVI, and your baby is healthy (before vaccination the child must be examined by a pediatrician), try to choose a time when in the clinic a minimum number of sick children. To ensure that your baby is not infected and the time of vaccine administration and infection with the same respiratory viral infection did not coincide. If you avoid the queue in which your little one can get it is impossible, go together: while one parent waits in the queue, the other one can sit with the child in the car or in a cafe.