Cardiology

Infection in the heart – how is this possible: causes endocarditis

Bacteria and fungal infection can affect this vital organ, the heart. For many this fact – the news, since the phrase “infectious disease” most of us imagine the flu, pneumonia or an intestinal disorder. However, a disease such as infective endocarditis, it can affect the shell of the heart is not only “cores”. Times as many acute respiratory illness, flu or stress, which suppress the immune system, can trigger the development of infective endocarditis.

Infekcija in your heart, who threatens endocarditis

Endocarditis is a disease of an inflammatory nature that affects the inner layer of the heart valves and surrounding vessels. The disease is complicated by the expansion of the heart valve polyponic education, thereby developing valvular insufficiency. Cause of infectious endocarditis are the germs that enter the heart through the bloodstream. Most often infectious endocarditis is called:

  • streptococci
  • staphylococci
  • enterococci
  • Escherichia coli
  • fungi.

The risk for the incidence of infectious endocarditis are people with heart defects who have had heart attacks or people with artificial heart valves. However, the disease can develop in humans who did not have had heart problems due to the presence in the bloodstream infection. This can happen with reduced immunity and frequent acute respiratory illnesses, stress, diseases of ENT organs, and if you get an infection during treatment of dental diseases, after operations, etc.

How does infective endocarditis: symptoms of the disease

The disease is dangerous because the heart valves start to gather bacteria that are “attracted” to his platelets and white blood cells. Together, they form a education, which if untreated, will grow and destroy the heart valves. Infective endocarditis may develop slowly, and only sometimes worried about the palpitations (tachycardia). Tachycardia then becomes constant, and endocarditis may assert themselves by a sharp rise in temperature (to 40 degrees). The temperature can then drop and later increase again. Also concerned headache, muscle pain, sweating, loss of appetite and weight loss, heart murmur, enlarged spleen and inflammation of the kidneys.

Treatment and prevention of infectious endocarditis

To make an accurate diagnosis, you must undergo a series of examinations. The cardiologist will prescribe as instrumental methods of examination (ECG, echocardiography, etc.) and laboratory analysis of blood and bacteriological seeding, etc. Treatment of infectious endocarditis in the first place is to eliminate infection: self-medication or receive antibiotics in this case are not allowed! Therapy should appoint and control only the specialist, based on the results of the survey and knowing the pathogen. With the development of heart failure can be appointed surgery.

If you have undergone any kind of manipulation the removal of the tooth, tonsils, etc and the doctor prescribes antibiotics, do not be afraid. Specialist does is to prevent the infection f the bloodstream and prevention of endocarditis including. To prevent the occurrence of infective endocarditis in healthy people, it is time to eliminate foci of infection in the body, strengthen the immune system, to deal with stressful situations, eat a healthy diet and be physically active.

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