Gastroenterology

Irritable bowel syndrome: symptoms and treatment

According to the world health organization, with a problem like irritable bowel syndrome, is facing about 20% of the population. It is not a specific disease, but a number of symptoms that cause severe discomfort in humans and often lead to lower quality of life.

That involves the concept of “irritable bowel syndrome”?

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) call malfunction in digestion, characterized by symptoms such as pain in the abdomen, constipation, diarrhoea, flatulence, etc. Surprisingly, but from a medical point of view, at the same time, the digestive tract is healthy, fecal tests and blood good.

Seems to be no apparent reason, and the person years suffering from abdominal pain and extreme discomfort. Why this happens if the digestive system is normal? Many doctors and scientists are of the opinion that the discomfort can be caused next to physical and mental disorders. Factors that can provoke the development of IBS are:

  • Problems in the nervous system when there is a dissonance in the interaction of gut and brain.
  • Disruptions in bowel motility: if it’s accelerating, there is a diarrhea, slowing down, constipation.
  • Depression, stress, panic attacks.
  • Infection in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Hormonal disturbances.
  • Bad heredity.
  • An improper diet.

IBS symptoms

The main signs of this syndrome include:

  • pain in region of stomach, intestines, which can be as cutting and pressing character, sharp, paroxysmal, etc.;
  • change in bowel movements: diarrhea, constipation;
  • excessive gas;
  • mucus in the feces;
  • headache;
  • weight loss.

IBS symptoms may periodically disappear and then reappear for no apparent reason.

How to deal with irritable bowel syndrome?

Because IBS is irreducible to pathological changes in the organism, to treat it quite hard. The main task of the doctor is to exclude diseases that cause the same symptoms. Therefore, the person with complaints to the gastro-intestinal tract is prescribed a stool sample, blood, rectal and other necessary diagnostic procedures.When the survey excludes other diseases, the doctor can diagnose the “syndrome razrezhennogo bowel”. Need to assess the General psychological state of the patient.

A very important place in the treatment of IBS is a diet and correction of lifestyle. Important also therapy, sometimes is used hypnotherapy, as often the problem is in brain. Drug treatment is aimed at eliminating unpleasant for the person symptoms.

In General, the treatment of IBS is complex and quite lengthy. After a period of improvement, the patient can again feel the painful symptoms, but if therapy is effective, each time they will be less pronounced and eventually disappear altogether. However, you need to be patient, to quickly get rid of irritable bowel syndrome fail.

With irritable bowel syndrome is difficult to treat because it is not a disease in the conventional sense. It is not dangerous to humans, however, can significantly degrade the quality of life. Since most often the cause of IBS are emotional problems, it is necessary, first and foremost, try to eliminate their causes. And then irritable bowel syndrome can leave in the past.

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