Rubella is a viral infectious disease that occurs quite easily in childhood, but is heavier in adulthood. Rubella is especially dangerous during pregnancy because it causes severe malformations in the fetus and can even lead to his death.
What you need to know about rubella?
Rubella is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets. Also you can become infected through objects of everyday use, but worst of all, this virus is transmitted from a pregnant woman to the fetus. The patient is contagious for about a week before the onset of rash and is such a week after the rash. If a person has no specific immunity to rubella worked out moved illness or vaccination, the probability to get sick after contact with patients with rubella and 90% and even higher.
From the moment of infection until the first symptoms of rubella is from 11 to 24 days. A rash is one of the first signs of this disease, it is small red spots oval or round shape. The lesions are cascading in nature, that is, appear first on the head, neck, face, then spread to the trunk, arms and legs. Characteristically on the palms and soles of feet no rash. Sometimes the rash appears, and oral mucosa. Usually 5-7 days rashes start to pass.
In adults the disease is much more difficult than in children, lesions merge with each other.
Thus, the symptoms of rubella include:
- characteristic rash;
- the fever before the rash and during the rash spread;
- swollen lymph nodes in different areas (neck, armpits, groin);
- poor appetite, nausea due to intoxication;
- a headache that persists for a long time, pain not help;
- runny nose, sore throat, cough;
- pain in joints and muscles;
- conjunctivitis, photophobia, lacrimation.
Rubella and pregnancy
As has been said, the most dangerous of Contracting rubella during pregnancy, and not to women and fetus. The rubella virus can cause a very serious malformations of the baby or even cause his death.
Also there is the concept of congenital rubella: transmitted from mother to fetus. She have damage to the nervous system, heart defects, lesions of the ear, the eye.
Treatment of rubella
Specific treatment for rubella exists. The patient must be isolated from society and other family members, a lot of water, if necessary, to bring the temperature down. Treatment is purely symptomatic, to improve the General condition of the patient.
Sometimes German measles leads to complications. We are talking about the accession of a bacterial infection, injury of joints, the nervous system. If rubella occurs in severe form, it requires treatment in hospital with continuous monitoring of the patient’s condition.
Vaccination against rubella
The spread of rubella can be controlled by universal vaccination. In Ukraine, vaccination against this disease is recommended to do twice in 12 months and 6 years. Immunization helps to protect the entire population, not just children. Indeed, in adults, rubella is transferred much more hard, and for the pregnant woman and her unborn baby is generally a disaster. Therefore vaccinated against rubella children is a guarantee that they will not become perpetrators of the tragedy in someone’s particular family and not Contracting the disease from a pregnant woman.