Abundant large or Vice versa – fine as dust dandruff is one of the signs of seborrhea. This skin disease is quite common, and people suffer from excessively oily skin and hair, or Vice versa – their dryness and flaking at any time of the year. In winter, exacerbation of seborrhea can lead to a number of factors, so let’s look at how to avoid disease exacerbation and reduce the manifestation of seborrhea in the cold season.
Seborrhea: types, symptoms, causes
Seborrhea is a skin disease in which disrupted the functions of the sebaceous glands. Sebum begins to produce either the abundance or the opposite is happening, the deficit generation. Hence, several types of the disease: oily, dry and mixed seborrhea. An accurate diagnosis will put a doctor-a dermatologist, however, to distinguish the types of this disease and yourself.
Dry seborrhea is a scaly skin, fine powder dander excessive dryness of the skin. Oily seborrhea is characterized by an abundance of large dandruff, oily skin and acne (pimples). Seborrhea often occurs in adolescents during puberty, but after this period, when the level of sex hormones in the blood is normalized, then everything is restored. Also to the development of seborrhea can cause:
- genetic factors. Seborrhea quite often runs in families
- hormonal shifts. An increase in the level of male sex hormones in the blood leads to the development of seborrhea and women, and in men, although more common in males. Women seborrhea can be associated with polycystic ovaries, obesity, hormonal contraception in men with testicular tumors or taking steroids (often – if you want to pump up muscle mass). In such cases, often develops oily seborrhea. Dry type of seborrhea develops on the background of lack of sex Gomonov or decreased sensitivity to it of the sebaceous glands. Dry seborrhea often affects children.
What factors affect the worsening of seborrhea
In the cold season, to aggravate the situation can hypothermia the scalp, so it is important to wear hats. Sudden changes in temperature cause excessive dryness of the scalp and exacerbate dry oily. And with oily seborrhea can aggravate excessive sweating and the so-called greenhouse effect: when the person is long in the hat indoors or transport.
Both oily and dry seborrhea can be complicated: for oily type of disease sebaceous glands are clogged, leading to infection of the skin bacteria and development of acne and acne. Dry seborrhea is dangerous because as the cracked dry skin is a fungus that causes itching and severe dandruff. Mixed type of the disease, the skin suffers from excess oil and acne, and scalp from dry dandruff and itching.
Treatment and prevention of seborrhea
If you encounter seborrhea is first important to find out the true cause of the disease. So you will need consult not only the dermatologist, but perhaps a gynecologist or andrologist, endocrinologist, neurologist. To reduce the symptoms of seborrhea and reduce the likelihood of helps correct skin care and hair care, nutrition, early treatment of diseases. The dermatologist will advise a basic cosmetic product – shampoo, depending on the type of disease. Normal shampoos from the supermarket is not suitable as for the treatment of seborrhea have a means of containing anti-fungal components.
Also seborrhea it is important to take vitamins and avoid sharp, smoked, fatty and salty foods. Good effect in the treatment of dry and oily seborrhea can be achieved with the help of physiotherapy, especially the d’arsonval. This method is based on pulsed high-frequency currents: a dermatologist may prescribe a course of darsonvalization. You can also treat seborrhea at home with a portable apparatus darsonval. All the details and course of treatment in this case must be agreed with the doctor.