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Dermatovenereology

Sexually transmitted diseases and genital infections: what is the difference?

There are a number of diseases transmitted exclusively by sex. Sexually transmitted diseases owe their name to the goddess Venus: translated from Latin this word means “love.” Classical sexually transmitted diseases are syphilis, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, which is fairly easy to diagnose. Of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), a broader group of infections transmitted through sexual contact, therefore, such disease is also called genital infections. In fact, a venereal disease just part of a group of sexually transmitted diseases, which modern medicine has identified more than 20. In addition, several skin diseases are also transmitted through sex, therefore these diseases are also considered sexual infections and their cures dermatologist.

The consequences of unprotected sex: from syphilis to hepatitis

To the group of genital infections specifically sexually transmitted diseases, infections of the genitourinary system predominantly with lesions of the genital organs, sexually transmitted skin diseases and STDs, affecting other organs and systems of man. “Classic” sexually transmitted diseases, it is:

  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Trichomoniasis (trichomoniasis).

From tropical countries can bring inguinal granuloma (donovans), soft chancre, and lymphogranuloma venereum. Discharge from the genitals, itching, the formation on the genitals and on the skin of the groin sores and rashes etc. typical of these diseases, but the incubation period – the period of manifestation of the disease, all of them different. There is also a group of more modern diseases which can be infected through unprotected sex. Suffer not only the genitals and reproductive organs, but the skin – for example when infected by pubic lice, scabies, and internal organs when infected by HIV, viral hepatitis, Giardia, etc.

Infections of the genitourinary system that are difficult to diagnose

In addition to STDs, the symptoms of which manifest in a week or a month, there are infections which the person may not know over the years and can infect partners. If genital herpes manifests itself in a rash on the genitals, chlamydia can manifest mild discomfort during sex, pain in the abdomen, painful urination, that will soon pass.

Even the selection may be small, especially for women that are blamed on hypothermia or PMS. Also long asymptomatic can proceed ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, same with HIV, yet women don’t start inflammatory processes in the reproductive organs, there comes infertility or pregnancy not being hatched. As men begin to notice problems with potency and urination.

Why is it important to protect themselves and to be examined for suspected STDs

IUDs, birth control pills, and especially sex without a condom does not protect from STDs. No douching and “washing” the genitals will not save you from gonorrhea or chlamydia, these pathogens can only be defeated with antibiotics. It is important accurate laboratory diagnosis to determine the type of pathogen and selection of special treatment. Therapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics are often not suitable for the destruction of a number of pathogens.

In the end, the microorganism acquires resistance to more powerful antibiotics, the disease becomes chronic. Some of these pathogens in the future, hit the intestines, eyes, joints, lymphatic system, etc. after unprotected sex with non-regular partner is better to get tested. In General, a check-up and laboratory diagnosis is a gynecologist/andrologist (urologist) should be at least once a year.

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