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Gastroenterology

Stones in the gallbladder: what are the risks?

Abdominal pain or right upper quadrant – a fairly common phenomenon. Pain appear, then disappear, and the person ceases to give it importance. Meanwhile, sudden pain in the centre or right upper abdomen may be signs of kidney stones in the gallbladder.

Why the stones are formed in gallbladder

The gallstones or cholelithiasis bothers women more often than men. Stones are formed by the solidification of the enzymes contained in the gall bladder: these enzymes help to digest and absorb food. Women often suffer from gallbladder disease, because conditions such as pregnancy, hormonal disruptions and changes, the use of hormonal contraceptives lead to stagnation of bile and increase the risk of stone formation.

The gallstones can be very tiny, like a grain of sand and can be up to 5 cm Long time, gallstone disease is asymptomatic and often makes itself felt bilious colic when the stone begins to move. Often biliary colic provokes intake of fatty foods, because the gallbladder starts to decline sharply. Then the stone gets stuck in duct, causing sharp pain in right abdomen, under the ribs.

What problems can lead to stones in the gallbladder

As already mentioned, the stone in the bile can cause an attack of biliary colic. Stuck in bile duct stone can vitalchoice in the intestines or back into the gallbladder. A person may experience pain for a few minutes or hours: if you are stepping stones from gallbladder or contact with his back and the pain stops. If the stone is stuck and the person experiences severe pain, you need to be hospitalized immediately.

Also stuck in bile duct small stone may not cause severe pain, but lead to pancreatitis – inflammation of the pancreas and jaundice. The presence of gall stones leads to inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis), infection of the bile ducts (cholangitis) and inflammation of the intestines.

Diagnosis and treatment of gallstone disease

The sooner discovered stones in the gall bladder and the smaller the diameter. The more chances to cure the disease without surgery. Uncomplicated gallstone disease can be treated by a gastroenterologist. For diagnosis it is necessary to do an abdominal ultrasound. But in more complex situations, x-ray examination with injection of a contrast agent that is administered intravenously or through the mouth.

For crushing the stone used as a special medicines, and the method of shock-wave cholelitolitic. Also, the doctor will prescribe antispasmodics, pain relievers, special physiotherapy, diet, physiotherapy and herbal medicine. To avoid the formation in the gallbladder stones, it is important to eat right, avoid stagnation of bile: this will help physical activity. The formation of stones helps fatty and fried food, therefore, should abandon such foods, especially fast food. If there is a genetic predisposition to formation of stones, or you are taking hormonal drugs, it is important to take preventive checkups and ultrasound diagnosis at least 1 time per year.