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Cardiology

Stroke: how to avoid illness

Unfortunately, mortality from brain stroke ranks third after heart disease and cancer. Today, October 29, the world celebrates world day against stroke. Doctors and activists focused on methods of prevention and the causes of strokes. A stroke can happen not only with the elderly person or hieratikon: stress in combination with an unhealthy lifestyle and poor diet lead to strokes even in young people. Why is it important for us to know the ways of stroke prevention and symptoms of the disease, in order to have time to help.

Causes and factors of development of stroke

Stroke called an acute violation of brain blood circulation, which occurs due to blockage and/or rupture of blood vessels in the brain. Common causes of blockage (embolism) and tearing of blood vessels is the thrombosis. To the rupture of arteries may cause persistent hypertension, congenital heart defects (weakness of the vessel wall), severe trauma, aneurysm. Increase the risk of strokes following factors:

  • age: after age 60 the risk of strokes increases
  • drugs with prolonged use: especially drugs with estrogen
  • hypertension (arterial hypertension) and uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • diseases of the heart and blood vessels
  • diabetes
  • frequent stress, Smoking, alcohol, unhealthy food.

How to recognize stroke and provide timely assistance

A stroke can be recognized by characteristic features:

  • sudden weakness, numbness and paralysis of the facial muscles, arms and legs most often on one side
  • speech disorder
  • a sharp decline in vision: as one or both eyes
  • acute headache, dizziness
  • gait disturbance and loss of balance.

To cope with stroke is impossible, so the person needs to be hospitalized immediately! A stroke can occur not only in the brain but in the spinal cord. It is important to understand and memorize the symptoms of stroke and be able to share them with their doctors because a favorable outcome of the disease is possible only in the case if treatment is started not later than after 3 hours after the attack. A stroke can trigger long coma, paralysis and paresis of muscles and body parts, impaired memory and reduced intelligence, not to mention the high risk of death.

Prevention of stroke and cardiovascular diseases

One of the important points in the prevention of stroke, control blood pressure. This is especially important for people with hypertension: current tonometer equipped with pulse oximeter to monitor not only the pressure level but also the pulse. As banal as it sounds, but a healthy lifestyle is one of the best prevention of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. For example, Smoking harms not only the lungs and the condition of the teeth, and blood vessels.

Also addicted to fatty, fried food, fast food, etc. increases the risk of atherosclerosis and clogging of blood vessels. Control of blood sugar levels, quitting Smoking, a healthy diet and regular adequate physical activity reduces the risk of stroke. Chronic stress and emotional stress also increases the risk of strokes. It is therefore important to get rid of negative emotions and not to hoard them: the best way to do this, not alcohol, travelling, walking, massage, warm baths with sea salt and aromatic oils, meditation, yoga, etc.

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