For a long time medicine did not know about the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. Meanwhile, the harmful micro-organism was the main provocateur of gastrointestinal tract (GIT). It is possible to be skeptical of the fact that peptic ulcer disease causes some bacteria, not stress, poor diet, etc. However, 13 years ago for the discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, Australian doctors Robin Warren and Barry Marshall won the Nobel prize.
Why H. pylori can live in stomach
Helicobacter pylori can survive in the acid gastric juice does not harm her. The bacterium is able to distinguish ammonia gas, which surrounds her like a protective capsule. A special flagella help H. pylori to move quickly and hide in the mucus secreted by the stomach. Therefore, this microbe can for years to live in the stomach, causing gastrointestinal disease.
Earlier, the doctors blamed a tendency of development of gastritis or peptic ulcer disease on high acidity. For the treatment of peptic ulcer disease was prescribed special substances that lower the acidity (antacids). However, expected results have not been achieved, the number of incidence of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease increased. With the discovery of Helicobacter pylori has become clear that without antimicrobial drugs, the disease did not win.
As the H. pylori enters the body: are all threatened with peptic ulcer disease?
Helicobacter when exposed to air dies. And from one person to another person, the bacterium can be transmitted with saliva or mucus. It is easy to get infected by kissing, shared utensils, etc. So doctors do not recommend mothers baby to lick the nipple that had fallen on the floor or a spoon – do not be lazy and wash them thoroughly. Otherwise you risk to infect the baby more and Helicobacter pylori infection.
But people live for years without knowing whether they have the stomach insidious microbe or not and do not have problems with the digestive system, many would say. Quite right, because each of us has their own particular organism. When you create certain conditions, Helicobacter begins to actively multiply and destroy the tissues of the stomach. Some people it happens, some don’t, or the action of bacteria takes minor discomfort and people do not seek medical help.
How to identification and preparation of the infection in the stomach: treatment and prevention
If you had pains in the stomach, heartburn, bloating. Belching, problems with bowel movements, etc., then you should contact the gastroenterologist. The doctor will suggest undergo a series of examinations, including a gastroscopy is a visual examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum 12. This procedure is unpleasant but very quick and it does not see the state of the gastric mucosa. Also for the detection of H. pylori can undergo a quick and painless breathing test. If the specialist diagnoses the bacterial nature of gastritis or peptic ulcer disease, antibiotics, drugs of antatsidy etc. the regimen is complex, for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection assigned to 2 types of antibiotics, which selects the physician. Self-medication in this case is unacceptable and can not only help, but to provoke the complication and problems with other organs. Because Helicobacter is resistant to several antibiotics, so to get rid of this bacteria is not so simple.
To treat H. pylori infection is also necessary, otherwise the disease will worsen and you risk to end up in the hospital with acute pains. In addition, Helicobacter pylori can also lead to the development of gastric cancer. Even getting rid of the nasty bacteria you can be infected again in a public restaurant, or by kissing. To reduce the chance of infection, keep yourself clean, don’t drink from glasses or bottles from which you drink also your friends or strangers. If you began to experience problems with digestion, stomach pain, etc., then the most sensible way is to pass the examination and find the cause of illness.