Gastroenterology

The level of acidity of gastric juice: what to know its performance?

Heartburn, bloating and other digestive disorders are directly linked to the acidity of the stomach. If gastric acidity is normal, then the process of digestion is normally trapped in the stomach micro-organisms are neutralized, and the person does not have problems with digestion. However, the pH can be elevated and lowered, which leads to the development of diseases of the stomach and intestines.

What is the function of gastric juice

Gastric juice is acidic because it has a high concentration of hydrochloric acid. It is necessary for the process of digestion and neutralization of viruses and bacteria that enter the stomach with food and drink. Gastric juice begin to produce when eating, the number may reach half liters.

Indicators of acidity (pH) of gastric juice in normal range from 1.5 to 2.5 units, and in case of deviations from the norm there is an increased or decreased acidity. Such abnormalities often lead to impaired digestion and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

The pH of the stomach, as manifested deviation from the norm

The increased acidity of gastric juice occurs when the disturbance in the production process and neutralize the hydrochloric acid. In the end, the acidity increases, which often leads to peptic ulcer disease, causes erosion of the gastric mucosa and 12-Pettneu intestine, gastroesophageal reflux, when stomach contents coming back up into the esophagus. The increased acidity of the stomach may include: heartburn, belching, bitter taste in the mouth, aching, paroxysmal pain in the right hypochondrium.

At low pH, on the contrary, the production of acid reduced, which often leads to the development of gastritis, malabsorption of minerals and vitamins from food and, as a result of anemia (anemia). Low acidity will help to suspect disorders of stool (diarrhea, constipation), bloating, pain in the stomach and intestines, bad breath, brittle hair, dry skin.

How to determine the pH of the stomach

Only one of the external symptoms to determine the level of acidity of gastric juice is impossible. To make it as accurate as possible with the help of special test – intragastric pH-metry. In this poomse gastroenterologist: the modern equipment allows to know the level of acidity of the stomach fast, painless, and informative. It is very important for further diagnosis in case of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and the appointment of subsequent therapy.

When violations of acidity the doctor will prescribe not only medicamentous correction, but also diet. It is important to avoid foods that contribute to the development of fermentation processes in the intestine: fresh pastries, whole milk, fresh vegetables and fruits. Also, if digestive disorders are not recommended fried, spicy and smoked foods, and take any food should be fractional portions, carefully chewing.

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