Summer and spring – flowering season of many plants. It is the pollen in most cases, causing hay fever – an allergic reaction to the pollen of flowering grasses, flowers, shrubs, etc. Fall when breathing in the nasal mucosa of a person suffering from allergies, the pollen stimulates the immune system. To the immune system of allergic pollen is seen as a foreign aggressor and the immune system begins to produce antibodies to fight it. Some foods, spices, household items, smells, etc. can further exacerbate the effects of allergens.
The main culprits of summer hay fever
With the start of summer most of the trees had withered, the major allergens of summer – the flowers and herbs. Hay fever can cause grass plants, which grow by themselves, and sown on the lawns of the city. Therefore rest on the grass in a city Park or square in Allergy can end runny nose, cough, watery eyes, skin itching and other allergic symptoms.
In the middle of the summer massively Asteraceae bloom: nettle, plantain, and many weeds. Ragweed and pigweed are major weeds-common allergens that provoke allergic reactions in many people. Especially a lot of these weeds in the private residential sector, so if in urban areas the destruction of ambrosia included in the municipal program and the mowing of weeds engaged in public service, residents of private houses to avoid Allergy to ragweed, is to destroy this weed by.
What factors, in addition to plants, contribute to allergies
From various allergic reactions (apart from hay fever), according to medical statistics, suffer more than 20% of Ukrainians. In the summer, in addition to flowering plants, allergies can cause foods – mostly fruits and berries. The known allergen is strawberry, allergic reactions can cause raspberries, blackberries, currants and dark grapes varieties.
Especially cautiously it is necessary to introduce berries and fruits in the diet of children up to 3 years. To enhance the effect of allergens or cause a separate reaction can favorite many spices: vanilla, garlic, cinnamon, black pepper. If you have hay fever, consumption of these products can enhance the allergic reaction. Also cause allergies or exacerbate irritant effects of pollen can pet dander, dust, insect bites, sharp smells, etc.
How to reduce the effect of allergens: prevention of hay fever
As soon as the plant allergen, or its pollen gets into the body, so soon, symptoms: swelling of the nasal mucous membranes, runny nose, cough, watery eyes, sneezing, nasal congestion, etc. untreated hay fever, like any allergic reaction, undermines the immune system and can lead to the development of asthma and other serious diseases.
Therefore, when allergic reactions in humans, especially seasonal, you need to get checked out by an allergist or immunologist, to identify the allergens and try to avoid them, and to begin preventive therapy (medications, use of inhalers, nebulizers, washing solutions, etc.) before the season of mass flowering. To reduce contact with the allergens to a minimum, should:
- Close Windows in homes and vehicles, especially in windy weather
- Stay away from freshly cut lawns
- To avoid stay in the woods, to choose a picnic or watercourses or the sea coast, where flowering plants is much less
- During the mass-intensity distribution of pollen (5-7 in the morning and 17-19 in the evening) to try to minimize exposure to the street
- Returning home immediately to take a shower and put on clean clothes, don’t forget about wet cleaning and products-allergens.