Dietology and nutrition

Vitamin deficiency: how to recognize seasonal hypovitaminosis

By the end of winter many of us feel a chronic weakness, deterioration of the skin and hair. So it may appear hypovitaminosis – lack of vitamins in the body. Some confused with hypovitaminosis beriberi, but the latter is a more severe condition in which the human body is missing vital organic compounds. How to suspect the deficiencies, to treat this condition and to avoid vitamin deficiency?

Who is at risk for vitamin deficiency?

The disease is manifested by such signs as weakness, loss of appetite, fatigue, bleeding gums, dry skin, muscle aches (mainly in my calves), brittle nails and hair. This condition often occurs by mid-or late winter – early spring, when the body repair process starts and lack of vitamins and minerals may be especially acute.

At risk for the development of hypovitaminosis fall primarily children, the elderly, pregnant and lactating women. Also often vitamin deficiency develops in smokers, alcohol drinkers, dieting, eating inferior and dry. A weakened immune system and frequent infectious diseases also may be accompanied by deficiency of vitamins in the body. And one of the categories of risk for hypovitaminosis is people leading an active physical and mental activity – athletes, students, artists, etc.

What factors contribute to the hypovitaminosis

The main factor in the development of vitamin deficiencies – unhealthy diet: apart from the fact that the content of active substances in the seasonal fruits and vegetables is reduced, the incorrect heat treatment of food and eating certain foods can lead to the development of deficiency of vitamins and minerals. Vitamin deficiencies can also develop when disorders of the digestive organs, when deteriorating the absorption of useful elements of food and their entry into blood.

Disturbed metabolism, uncontrolled reception of the medicines can also lead to poor assimilation of nutrients. In severe cases of deficiency of vitamins may need inpatient treatment under the supervision of a physician. However, the deficiency is well treatable by means of correction power supply, the use of vitamin complexes, which will help you choose a specialist.

How to avoid deficiency of vitamins in the body

The inclusion in the diet food additives, vitamin complexes, fresh fruits, vegetables and berries will help to avoid deficiencies. The lack of seasonal vegetables and fruits, which supply vitamins has dried up, you can compensate for cranberries, sea buckthorn, rose hips, spices (e.g., ginger, red pepper are rich in vitamin C). Iodine deficiency can be replenished by replacing regular salt is iodized.

It is also important to prevent the development of chronic diseases and to pay enough attention to already existing diseases to support the body, follow the doctor’s recommendations, prefer healthy foods, not SuperCool and avoid stress. To track health indicators do not neglect preventive examinations and visit your General practitioner or family doctor for consultation at least 1 time per year.