A number of common diseases of the respiratory tract can lead to serious heart problems. There is such a thing as pulmonary heart: if this develops as a hypertrophy (increase in volume and mass of the internal organ) of the right ventricle. To the development of pulmonary heart disease causes pulmonary hypertension (pH) is a condition in which increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Develops this condition, threatening the lives of man on the background of a number of diseases.
The symptoms of pulmonary heart
First, there is an increase in the heart, and then a dilation (expansion) of his right ventricle. In the end it is worse to cope with its functions, the tissue are less supplied with oxygen, starts to occur typical for this condition symptoms: pain in the heart area, shortness of breath, loss of consciousness (syncope).
If the condition is left untreated, there is stagnation of blood in the systemic circulation and, as a result, edema, increased liver.
Pulmonary heart can be acute and chronic: acute condition occurs in a few hours or even minutes and is caused by blockage of the pulmonary artery, severe pneumonia or asthma attack. A chronic condition develops in 2-3 years.
Pulmonary hypertension: causes, symptoms, consequences
Development of LH in half of the cases result in chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Also to the development of pulmonary hypertension lead:
- lung disease – bronchiectasis, emphysema, etc.
- coronary artery disease and valvular heart disease
- rheumatoid arthritis
- diseases of the liver, leading to cirrhosis
- diseases of the blood
- being in the highlands.
When the cause of pulmonary hypertension cannot figure out, talking about the idiopathic form of the disease. For some time, while the right ventricle is unable to cope with the increased load, LH does not appear. As the progression of human disease begin to have trouble with shortness of breath (when fiznagruzki), chest pain compressive nature, then the shortness of breath occurs and at rest. Join dizziness, cough, fainting, swelling in the legs, palpitations, cyanosis of the skin on the fingers, feeling the aches in the body, pain in the lungs.
Methods of treatment and prevention of pulmonary heart disease
Than neglected condition, the worse the prognosis of the disease: people with chronic type of the disease and swelling in the legs do not live more than 5 years. Therapy of LH and its effects is to treat diseases that have led to this state. In severe cases is heart and lung transplant.
Preventive measures primarily lies in early detection and treatment of conditions leading to LH. More often this disease is diagnosed in women than in men. To avoid the development of problems with his lungs and heart, cardiologists suggest:
- to observe the regime of physical activity
- in a timely manner to treat infectious diseases, strengthen the immune system
- to pass the examination from the experts, to do a blood test
- to give up Smoking.
When serdechnososudistye diseases it is important to follow a diet: spicy, salty people, alcohol, processed foods and fast food are not recommended. It is important to calculate the mode of work and rest, not to ignore the deteriorating condition and immediately seek medical attention.