Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium), acute flow which is characterized by pronounced symptoms and a high risk to human life. Most often it occurs in people under 40 years, however, there are different cases. Through arrhythmia and heart failure, which provokes myocarditis can lead to death of the patient.
Forms and signs of myocarditis
Acute myocarditis can be of different nature of origin, depending on what and various approaches to its treatment. So, there are some types of this disease:
- Infectious myocarditis.
- Rheumatic myocarditis.
- Allergic myocarditis.
In the title lies the cause of the inflammation of the heart muscle. The most common is infectious myocarditis when the heart is attacked by bacteria, viruses or fungi. Myocarditis can cause influenza, adenovirus, Streptococcus, Salmonella, herpes, certain STDs, and the like.
There is still idiopathic myocarditis, the cause of which remains unclear for doctors.
Symptoms of acute myocarditis are:
- chest pain;
- bluish color of the skin;
- shortness of breath;
- a significant weakness;
- swelling of the extremities, especially feet;
- violation of the heart rate;
- swelling of the veins in the neck.
During the diagnostic procedures it is evident that the heart is greatly increased in size.
Diagnosis and treatment of acute myocarditis
Diagnosis is not easy, this may require conducting some research. Therefore, the patient can appoint:
- Ultrasound of the heart;
- chest x-ray;
- General and biochemical blood analysis;
- catheterization of the heart;
- biopsy of the myocardium;
Not mandatory the purpose of all these procedures, sometimes to establish diagnosis enough EKG. Further diagnosis determined by the doctor-the cardiologist.
Acute myocarditis is an absolute indication for treatment in hospital. Therapy includes the following factors:
- Medications. The patient will be given medication that will fight the cause of inflammation of the myocardium. If it’s an infection, will be applied antiviral or antibacterial drugs, antifungal drugs. It is also possible to use anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic drugs, drugs to normalize the heart function.
- Diet. For patients myocarditis recommended a special diet – table number 10. It is based on limiting the intake of salt and fluids and ensure intake of all necessary vitamins and minerals. It is also recommended to increase the amount of protein foods in your daily diet and reduce the amount of carbohydrates.
- Ensure complete rest. In acute myocarditis bed rest are absolutely necessary for 3-8 weeks, depending on extent of myocardial damage. The heart should be given the opportunity to recover, to facilitate his work, to relieve the load on the vascular system.
Even after successful treatment, patients with a history of myocarditis still need some time to keep the situation under control: to visit a cardiologist, to undergo certain diagnostic procedures, adhere to doctor’s recommendations. Rehabilitation in this issue no less important than treatment.
The main prevention of myocarditis – early treatment of infectious diseases. At the first sign of problems with the heart, you should immediately consult a doctor, because every minute can be worth their weight in gold.