In Greek language the word “sepsis” means “rotting”. This is a very serious infectious disease that occurs in systemic inflammatory response of the body to get into the blood of bacteria, fungi or toxins. Different sepsis is popularly known as “blood poisoning”. The disease is characterized by a progressive course, tendency to spontaneous recovery is missing. Therefore, without treatment the patient’s chances of life are slim, but even modern antibacterial and antifungal agents do not give guarantee of recovery and avoid death of the patient.
Why is there sepsis?
The causative agent of sepsis
can be any bacteria, for example staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, Salmonella, etc, as well as mushrooms of different sorts. The disease develops due to the incapacity of the human immune system, when she can’t localize the pathogen in the initial source of infection. The immune system can be greatly alleviated using the following factors:
- suffering a serious illness;
- serious surgery;
- massive blood loss;
- transferred purulent peritonitis;
- poor nutrition, from which the person does not receive even the most essential nutrients;
- the use of immunosuppressive drugs.
Therefore, infection in the blood can get through local infection, or because of introduction of pathogens from outside during the operation, venous catheter and other medical procedures.
The primary source of sepsis can be infection of organs, tissues, bones, joints. The risk group also includes people who have had injuries or burns, which was developed purulent inflammation of the skin, urinary tract infection. Sepsis can arise from infection transferred during birth or abortion when the uterus mucous membrane is very sensitive and vulnerable.
What is sepsis?
Symptoms of sepsis include the following manifestations are extremely strong intoxication:
- severe weakness;
- loss of appetite;
- lowering blood pressure;
- shortness of breath.
In the process of multiple lesions of organs and systems evolving cardiac, respiratory, renal, and adrenal insufficiency.
How to fight the sepsis? Is there any chance for salvation?
Diagnosis of sepsis is based on the analysis of the overall clinical picture, the detection of blood pathogens, the identification of a septic source. A blood test will show a significant increase of leukocytes, increased ESR.
It is very important how managed to start the treatment. It should be comprehensive, to include antibacterial, antifungal and detoxification therapy. The patient is placed in ICU, in particularly serious cases up to intensive care. The patient may require a blood transfusion. Absolute guarantee of recovery, no one gives.
Extremely important is the prevention of sepsis. It consists of such factors as:
- Timely and proper treatment of local purulent processes.
- The conditions of sterility during operations, childbirth and other medical procedures.
- Proper use of antibiotics, because any pathogens are able to develop resistance to the drugs. When treatment is vital, antibacterial or antifungal drug may simply not work, because the bacteria or fungi have many times met with him and developed him resistance.
Sepsis is scary. Through infected blood, the infection spreads organs and systems start to take turns to die, and people die. Today, with sepsis, you can fight, but death still is one of the scenarios. It is therefore much more important are preventive measures to prevent blood poisoning.