Helminths, or worms – is worms that can parasitize in the human body: the intestines, liver, lungs and other internal organs. Most often people have found two types of worms: roundworms and pinworms, the share of other worms living in the human body, accounts for only 2 to 5%.
If the child attends children’s team, played on the Playground and leads a socially active life, it is almost certainly at least once for his life will have worms. Infection occurs through poorly washed hands or food, after contact with animals or infected people.
Why do children have worms? What are the symptoms that indicate worms?
Through their anatomical features, namely not developed enough protective barriers of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as through an active lifestyle, the worms occur in children more often than adults. According to statistics 80% of children under 2 years are protopine therapy. Worms can be a serious problem for the child and lead to depletion of the body, the development of various allergic reactions, lesions of the internal organs.
Symptoms of worm infestation depend on the type of parasite that dwelt in the body of the child. Common manifestations of this phenomenon include:
- irritability, tearfulness;
- poor weight gain;
- pain in the abdomen;
- periodic allergic reactions on the skin.
The symptoms of ascarids include:
- dry cough;
- skin rash resembling hives;
- nausea, vomiting;
- increased salivation;
- anxiety, poor sleep;
- abdominal pain localized around the navel;
- the instability of the chair from constipation to diarrhea.
Pinworms manifest itself by the following characteristics:
- loss of appetite;
- dry mouth;
- moderate pain in the abdomen;
- itching in the anus, which is particularly acute at night (which causes sore and inflamed area around the anus);
- vulvovaginit among girls (due to the ingress of worms to the genital organs).
Diagnostics and treatment of worms in children
Usually to diagnose worms is difficult, so often the doctor will prescribe treatment based on symptoms. To detect parasites can help the following laboratory tests:
- General analysis of blood: the color index will be above normal, will increase the number of eosinophils in the blood, low hemoglobin, anemia.
- Blood from a vein on an empty stomach: it gives 99% accurate result, sometimes it may help to recognize the form of the parasite.
- The analysis of a feces on eggs of worms: often uninformative, because some types of worms lay eggs regularly, so analyze should be at least 3 times in a row.
- Smear on enterobiasis: test for worms, which is taken from the anus of a child (also uninformative analysis).
- Ultrasound, x-ray, CT scan: identify the worms in the internal organs.
The choice of treatment strategy depends on the type of worms and the age and condition of the child. Usually it is the intake of certain drugs which are quite effective. Don’t treat the worms because the consequences of their activity can be catastrophic for the child’s body.
Prevention of worms in children, is good hygiene: the habit of washing hands after using the toilet or street, before eating, washing vegetables and fruits, regular dressing treatments of the genitals.
Practice shows that the worms not only sick children from disadvantaged families, but also representatives of exemplary families. Especially often it happens during the summer when children are actively communicate and play in the sandbox, on the Playground. If there is suspicion of worms, you should consult a doctor as quickly as possible to help the problem.