When the heart beats very fast, just “pounding”, then the person intuitively feels the panic, her health deteriorates, she realizes the danger of this phenomenon. And what happens when the heart beats too slowly? Dangerous disease called bradycardia?
What is bradycardia? Causes and symptoms of the disease
Bradycardia is a type of arrhythmia when the heart rate (HR) less than 60 beats per minute. Bradycardia less than 40 beats per minute. Its consequences can be quite serious, until the development of heart failure. Normal adult heart should beat with a frequency of 60 to 80 beats per minute.
Why is develops bradycardia? Through changes in the conduction system of the heart, which disturb the propagation of an electric pulse. Causes of bradycardia can be a variety of organic changes in the heart muscle, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, abnormalities in the structure of the heart due to a heart attack such. Also, the heart rate is affected by the hormones of the human body, infections, hypertension. In addition, bradycardia may occur due to taking some medications and under the influence on the organism of certain toxic substances.
Symptoms of bradycardia include the following:
- A state close to unconsciousness, dizziness caused by low heart rate.
- Changes in blood pressure.
- Rejection of the slightest physical exertion.
- Infringement of concentration of attention.
- Short-term disturbances.
- Shortness of breath.
- The pain in his chest.
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For the diagnosis of bradycardia should consult a cardiologist who will run an EKG and possible ultrasound of the heart.
treated not always. There are functional and moderate forms of the disease, which is not accompanied by any clinical symptoms and do not require special treatment. Usually it is for a slight decline in heart rate, slightly less than 60 beats per minute. If provoked bradycardia other cardiac pathology, should be treated. Also therapy is subject to infection, which caused the development of bradycardia, neytralizuya effects on the body of toxins. For bradycardia caused by the intake of certain medicines, removal of these drugs or reduce their dose, if full repeal is not possible.
When you need to actively treat bradycardia? When she provokes angina pectoris, loss of consciousness, hypotonia (chronically low blood pressure), heart failure, ventricular arrhythmia. In the most severe cases of TMJ may even require implantation of a pacemaker. The most severe complication of this disease is sudden cardiac arrest and death.
Bradycardia is often not perceived as a serious illness, and in vain, because it can result in very heavy conditions. And even if the disease is in standard form, it brings a lot of trouble and trivial discomfort to a person. She always feels sluggish, tired, its performance drops significantly. In addition, the patient may lose consciousness anywhere and anytime that is very dangerous from the point of view of the likelihood of receiving physical injuries. Therefore, if you have this disease should consult a cardiologist and undergo the necessary treatment.