Fertility – the ability of the human organism to produce offspring that are influenced by a number of factors. There are many couples who for several years trying to conceive, but to no avail. In this case, can not do without recourse to a specialist who will recommend a pair of special monitoring and assessment, including the prediction of fertility.
But apart from physiological factors, the possibility of pregnancy in women can be affected by stress and even excess weight.
What factors determine women’s fertility
So what are the main factors that reduce a woman’s chances of getting pregnant? Women’s fertility in most cases depends on genetic factors. From birth, girls are the number of oocytes oocyte is already determined, this factor is the amount of time the lives of girls and women, during which she can become pregnant. But with age, the number of eggs decreases.
For example, to adolescence and the beginning of menstruation in girls in the ovaries is about 400 thousand eggs (at birth about 1-2 million). After 35 years, the number of oocytes in a woman’s body is reduced to 25-30 thousand. And further accelerate the death of these cells can Smoking, chronic diseases of the reproductive organs, hormonal imbalance, etc.
Excess and insufficient weight to the dangerous stress diets
Women (and men too) are of the opinion that the possibility of getting pregnant and even the sex of the baby is affected by certain foods and emotional state. Of course, finding a woman in constant emotional stress can affect ovulation, can cause a failure in the menstrual cycle, hormonal imbalance. And, as a result, a woman can not get pregnant. As for the food, we contribute to fertility no special diet as such, healthy food.
Is the predominance in the diet of fruits and vegetables, green vegetables, cereals, fish, dairy products. And the minimum amount of fatty meat, sweets and pastries because such foods result in the accumulation of excess weight, which reduces female fertility. Obesity requires more time for successful conception than normal weight. At the same time, the lack of body mass, can also lead to anovulation – disorders of the menstrual cycle at which the normal maturation of the egg becomes impossible. Lack of ovulation is a common cause of infertility in seemingly perfectly healthy women.
It is important to promptly detect, treat and prevent infection
More than 10 % of cases of female infertility caused by tubal obstruction. The ripened egg from the ovary to the uterus falls through the fallopian tubes, and if these bodies do not function (impassable), to become pregnant women not. Most cases of obstruction of the fallopian tubes caused by inflammation and infection. For example, a common sexual infection – chlamydia in women often has no symptoms. The woman becomes infected from a sick man who also may not know about their disease and be a carrier of chlamydia during unprotected sex.
Why gynecologists are constantly reminded of the importance not only of contraceptive methods (birth control pills spiral, as we are not protect against sexually transmitted infections and from unwanted pregnancy), but also regular preventive examinations. Because some gynecological diseases, affecting women’s fertility, not to bother a woman and are diagnosed only by laboratory tests.