Dietology and nutrition

Why disturbed appetite: from starvation to gluttony

Hunger and appetite are two different concepts. If the feeling of hunger is a reflex feeling, which we feel in the absence of receipt of food, the appetite is more selective sense, the manifestations of hunger. Our appetite varies with age, time of day, season, emotional state and even national culture. But most often the appetite is affected by the health of the person and his lifestyle.

What is appetite and how it can change

Appetite called emotionally expressed the need for food, and – in certain products. When talking about the loss of appetite, it is meant a complete or partial withdrawal of a person from eating. Moreover, a person may experience hunger, but the appetite may not be. That is, it senses the body’s need for eating: appears painful sensations in the tongue and stomach (sucking in the stomach), starts to profusely salivate, a heightened sense of smell. But the desire to eat there.

It may be the opposite disorder of appetite, when a person does not feel hunger, but still takes the food. There are several basic disorders of appetite:

  • Total loss of appetite – the person just doesn’t want to eat
  • Complete lack of appetite (anorexia)
  • The lack of satiety when eating, and morbid hunger (kinerase or bulimia)
  • Changing taste preferences.

Why are there violations of appetite

The most common causes of impaired appetite become psychogenic factors, diseases of internal organs and infection, external factors – food, medications, environment, etc. Psychogenic factors violations of appetite may be stress or strong emotional experience, mental illness, anorexia, refusal to eat in protest – often occurs in children.

Also cause loss of appetite can chronic or acute diseases: in first place is the pathological processes of the digestive system – the stomach and intestines. Decreased appetite for problems with heart, kidneys, lungs, in endocrine and autoimmune disorders, oncological diseases. Acute infectious disease, the same SARS is often accompanied by loss of appetite, so many of us have to feed the sick by force, which is wrong. The common cold and SARS, it is important to drink more water and eat light food (the same diet chicken broth), and not try to “push” the patient to his usual diet.Also, appetite can be affected by uncontrolled medication, even “harmless” herbs: so in self-medication you run the risk of serious harm to themselves.

How to avoid problems with appetite

Any disorder of appetite, if it is not caused by colds or any other disease about which you know requires treatment to the doctor. First on the feeding behavior, especially in children, affect psychologically relaxed family environment, stability and emotional calm, nurturing the baby their own healthy self-esteem. Psychologists and pediatricians do not recommend nor use food as a way of reward or as a way of punishment of the child.

To avoid problems with appetite, it is important to be emotionally stable and to work through a stressful situation, to relax, to exercise, to strengthen the immune system and treated promptly with all supporting life of human disease. Also it is important to efficiently and correctly to eat, not to overeat and do not overfeed children, causing eating disorders.