Allergology

Allergy to milk protein in children: symptoms and risk factors

Milk is a healthy product that contains calcium, various vitamins and minerals, rich in proteins and fats. However, for children milk is not always useful, some kids (about 10% of the total) is allergic to milk protein. How to understand that such a problem for your child?

Why is there an Allergy to milk protein?

A protein that is part cow’s milk, once in the body, it breaks down into individual elements, which are usually well digested. However, babies digestive system is immature and they may lack the necessary enzymes to break down protein. Through this occurs the immune response in Allergy symptoms. We should not confuse the concept of allergies and intolerances milk. In the first case, the child’s immune system reacts to foreign protein, and the other having difficulty with digestion of milk, the immune system is not good here.

It should be understood that for a child the first year of life is contraindicated cow or goat milk, it is suitable only mother’s milk or adapted milk formula.

The exact causes of allergies to milk protein in a child is unknown, but there are factors that may influence inadequate immune response. These include:

  • heredity;
  • the negative impact of poor environmental situation;
  • improper diet, lifestyle;
  • health and age of mother baby during pregnancy;
  • the nature of the pregnancy;
  • stressful situation;
  • infectious diseases.

Symptoms of Allergy to milk protein

The most obvious signs of an Allergy to milk protein are the following:

  • Milk scab – specific crusts on the head child.
  • Eczema, which is most often seen on the cheeks but can be on other parts of the body. First bubbles occur, then erosion, which accumulates the transparent liquid, then the wounds heal, and in their place arises the peeling and crust.
  • Angioedema – a severe allergic reaction to the ingestion of a dairy product. This swelling of the mucous membrane of the mouth, lips, eyelids, genitals, throat, which can be very dangerous because of the risk that the child will suffocate if she did not provide the necessary assistance.
  • Hives – blisters with redness around that is very itchy.
  • Lesions of the respiratory tract: sneezing, allergic rhinitis, shortness of breath, wheezing.
  • Bronchial asthma. Allergy to cow’s milk protein is one mechanism that launches the process of development of this disease.
  • Problems with digestion, bloating, diarrhea.

You should know that dairy products do not typically cause allergic reactions in children. This is because in the processing of milk in the manufacture of fermented milk products milk protein breaks down into amino acids, simple compounds, which are quickly and easily absorbed by the body, including children.

When the child grows up, and she finally formed immune and enzyme systems, allergies to milk protein usually goes. Meantime there symptoms of Allergy to milk, this product should be entirely excluded from children’s diet.

Dairy products can fully replace the lack of milk in the diet of the child. Therefore no tragedy in the presence of Allergy to milk protein, especially that children usually outgrow just. Most often immune response of the child’s body to the allergen becomes much less pronounced after 3-5 years of age.

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