Antibiotics and alcohol: is it true that they are incompatible?

The society is in the opinion that antibiotics with alcohol is in any case impossible. So whether it’s, whether such a statement is the scientific rationale? How does interact with alcohol and antibacterial agents?

The incompatibility between alcohol and antibiotics

Medical science claims that antibacterial drugs and alcohol are almost always in no way interact with each other, except in some cases. These include:

  • Problem with rozkladay ethanol. Some Antibacterials interfere to decompose ethyl alcohol, for which the body accumulates the product of incomplete metabolism – acetaldehyde. It causes intoxication, which is manifested by vomiting, nausea, difficulty breathing. Normally decompose alcohol in the body does not allow such antibiotics as metronidazole, Ornidazole, tintazul, cephalosporin antibiotic cefotetan. The use of these antibiotics and alcohol is strictly prohibited.
  • Disorders of metabolism. Ethanol into the liver, decomposes under the action of a specific enzyme. The same enzyme involved in the metabolism of certain drugs such as cimetidine, erythromycin, antifungals voriconazole, Itraconazole, ketoconazole. If the liver at the same time get alcohol and these drugs, it’s bad, because their metabolism needed the same enzyme. Often “lose” medication, ethyl alcohol is split, and the drug accumulates in the body, which can lead to General intoxication.
  • Toxic effects on the Central nervous system. Some antibacterial agents have adverse effects on the Central nervous system (CNS). The person may experience drowsiness, dizziness. Alcohol often also affect the Central nervous system. The simultaneous action of antibiotics and alcohol can severely depress the Central nervous system, significantly reduce its efficiency, concentration and the like. Therefore, you should be careful taking cycloserine, etionamid, thalidomide.

Thus, the complete incompatibility of alcohol and antibiotics is quite rare, but it exists. As for other antibiotics, and it is quite possible to combine with alcohol, however, must adhere to certain rules. For example, the British Department of health recommends that you drink no more than 3 units of alcohol per day to persons who take antimicrobial drugs. One unit is 10 grams of pure ethanol contained in, for example, 100 ml champagne, or 30 ml spirits. That is, the day you can drink about 300 ml champagne 100 ml of brandy, but no more. Excess dosage may cause intoxication.

Alcohol and antibiotics are sometimes completely incompatible, but mostly just require control and strict adherence to dosage. However, it is better to limit yourself from consuming alcoholic beverages during the treatment, it will be much safer. Usually one glass of wine or glass of vodka, nothing bad will happen, but there is a small probability of occurrence of adverse drug, and then the problem will be quite significant. Therefore, during treatment with antibiotics should forget about alcohol, especially because it usually lasts no more than 5-10 days.

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