Allergies and rhinitis caused by various allergens, often not perceived as a serious problem. Unfortunately, many people still believe that special treatment in this situation is not required. In fact, as allergic reactions and allergic rhinitis (the medical term is rhinitis), causing serious disruptions in the immune system. Allergy called the world health organization one of the leading factors in the development of asthma. In addition, the allergic rhinitis worsens the quality of life: persistent runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing reduce performance, prevent you to enjoy life, etc.
Why do I get allergic rhinitis
The most common in the warm season is seasonal allergic rhinitis, which is caused by reaction to pollen of flowering plants (hay fever). Also quite common allergic rhinitis, which can occur depending on the time of year when in contact with animal dander, household dust, and various chemical compounds contained in the air, etc. With the development of this disease is crucial hereditary predisposition to allergic diseases.
If your close relatives suffered from or suffer from bronchial asthma, allergic urticaria, and various allergic skin reactions, the risk of allergic rhinitis increased. Of course you can and should try to limit contact with allergens (if you even know what provokes you have a runny nose and other allergic reactions – rashes and itchy skin, watery eyes, sneezing, nasal congestion), try to maintain the cleanliness of the room, but it is not always possible. However, constant nasal congestion can be caused by anatomical characteristics, infectious diseases of the respiratory system, incorrect self-treatment which only aggravated the problem. Therefore, to return you to normal breathing and to help forget about the problem can only be a specialist.
What is the danger of untreated allergic rhinitis
Most people with allergic rhinitis allowed the disease to chance, and go to the doctor when it “warmed up”. A serious complication resulting from the disregard of allergic reactions is asthma. Allergic rhinitis without proper treatment leads to the development of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses (sinusitis), also, according to medical statistics, half of the patients with allergic rhinitis in the absence of treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, in the end, the ability to work drops dramatically.
Prolonged untreated rhinitis contribute to the formation of polyps in the nasal mucosa, which further makes breathing difficult and contributes to complicated for colds. If you are constantly concerned about the above symptoms, you should consult an allergist and undergo examination by an otolaryngologist (ENT doctor). As for the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis and successful combating treatment should be multifaceted and complex, therapy is conducted in two data specialists.
Diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis
An important point in the treatment of allergic rhinitis is to identify the allergen. Assigned allergic samples to assess the local reaction to the allergen, a blood test for antibodies – specific antibodies, which helps to identify the cause of allergic rhinitis. Also doctor, if necessary, prescribe the study of the paranasal sinuses – x-ray. Selection of drug treatment depends on the type of the identified allergen (s), patient’s age, severity of symptoms, presence of concomitant diseases and/or pathologies, etc.