The number of preterm babies born in the Ukraine, according to statistics of the Ministry of health increases annually. Such children need special care, starting with the period of stay of baby in the hospital or perinatal center to care for a newborn in the home. Today, 17 November the international community celebrates the international day of preterm infants which aims to raise public awareness about premature birth and its causes, as well as to attract the attention of society to problems of preterm babies and their families.
Why does preterm birth happen
Premature childbirth consider the birth of a child after 28 weeks of pregnancy, but before 39 weeks. A premature newborn is a baby born weighing over 1 kg and a growth of over 35 see Children with less performance, unfortunately, is practically not viable. The closer to the end of pregnancy a baby is born, the higher the viability. Cause of premature birth can be:
- moved woman infection and intoxication
- the incompatibility between the fetus and mother’s blood factors
- multiple pregnancy
- stress and negative emotions that a woman experiences during pregnancy.
The preterm births in recent years have increasingly also due to poor ecological environment, the deterioration of women’s overall health is bad habits, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, etc. fortunately, the birth of a premature baby today – not a sentence, and modern medicine is able to care for these children.
When mom and baby are discharged and what is important to do at home
While the mother and preterm infant are in the hospital, the condition of the baby experts are watching, they are all manipulations. The child is in Cubase – heated bed-incubator. The baby is in the house with the same preterm children, and the mother comes to the child in the house. Home child will be discharged only when he attains a body weight of not less than a 2.2-2.3 kg, well learn to suck and can satisfactorily maintain body temperature.
In the home, parents are required to maintain the temperature of the air at the level of 22-25°C. it is Particularly important to prevent hypothermia of the baby and control the temperature of the air: the neonatologists recommended to hang near the crib of the child the thermometer, at a distance of a meter and a half above the floor. But in addition to maintain the correct temperature in the room, the room where the child, you need to constantly ventilate. The scheme is on average 15-20 minutes of ventilation every 3 hours. The child at the time of airing must be aired in a warm room.
Swimming mode and walking with a premature baby
If the child was born weighing less than 1.5 kg, even when discharge to home and stabilisation of body weight up to 2 kg and above the first couple of weeks baby may not be recommended: accord such moments with the pediatrician. Bathing a premature baby is better in the same room where he was, not to carry to the bathroom. The water temperature should be not less than 38°C, the first 3 months after discharge is premature, it is recommended to bathe in boiled water. Keep the hot and cold water and follow the indicators of the thermometer which should be placed in the tray in order to pour warm water by reducing the temperature even by 1°C.
After bathing the baby wrapped in a pressed a warm cloth or diaper flannel. Things that wear it. Should always be ironed and warm. Relative to walking with a premature child to walk with such a baby can be at a temperature of outdoor air is below 25°C starting with short 15 minute walks and gradually increasing the time to 1.5 hours a day.