Jaundice (Botkin’s disease), or hepatitis a – a disease seasonal. In the summer and early autumn infectious disease note outbreaks of jaundice. Hepatitis has several types, but today we will talk about hepatitis A, which is in contrast to other types of diseases transmitted through dirty hands, unwashed vegetables or fruits, water, etc. (the fecal-oral route of infection). In the summer, the season of mass rest on the nature, swimming, walking, picnics, fresh fruits and vegetables increases the risk of developing jaundice.
The symptoms of hepatitis a: the disease is dangerous
Hepatitis is called jaundice because of the characteristic of this disease symptoms: yellow color becomes skin, mucous membranes and the “whites” of the eye. Urine also becomes dark and the feces on the contrary – bright. Jaundice occurs when the effects of hepatitis on the liver when there is a process of active destruction gepatitov (liver cells). However, yellowness of the skin is manifested not always, are generally asymptomatic forms of hepatitis A, with a slight nausea and one-time indigestion, when a person writes off everything on stale food.
For hepatitis as well As the characteristics of foodborne diseases: abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea. To go to the doctor it’s important because the patient with hepatitis a, even a light form can infect a large number of people. And each of us, depending on immunity, the disease will occur in different ways. In addition, the hepatitis A feared complication to liver, immune system, etc. and the older the man the more serious the consequences might be in the incidence of jaundice.
The main sources of hepatitis a
In summer, hepatitis a is often infected through the water: while swimming in pools or in the use of running water. Even if you filter the water through a home filter, which are now sold in every supermarket, guarantee disinfection from viruses is not. Summer in Ukraine EN masse begin to carry out repairs of Sewerage networks and water supply, there are often gusts on the water. And, unfortunately, the ingress of sewage into the Central water system is not uncommon. Therefore, in order to prevent hepatitis A and other enteric infections it is better to drink or boiled water, or buy clean.
The second main source of jaundice – unwashed fruits and vegetables. And dried fruits: bought dates, dried apricots or prunes definitely need to rinse with boiling water, then dried and is. Fresh fruit, vegetables and berries, greens also needs to be carefully cleaned under running water and odavate boiling water. Greens – soak for 10-15 minutes. Because the stems and thin sheets can be not only viruses, but the eggs of worms.
And finally, the source of room three dirty hands. Hepatitis a is highly contagious and is easily transmitted, however, as other enteric infections. Even if you are healthy, and someone from the family before complained of diarrhea or irregularity, then you run the risk of becoming infected. Because the patient may not suspect jaundice, to take on dirty hands for door handles, household items, etc. Not to mention the fact that after using the toilet, coming from the street and before eating, hands must be washed every time.
If I fell ill with jaundice, be in the hospital?
A severe form of hepatitis A with severe intoxication treated in the infectious diseases hospital. Due to vomiting and diarrhea also get dehydrated and the person needs to administer intravenous detoxification solutions, make preparations for the restoration of the liver (hepatoprotectors), etc. besides this the patient is contagious to others. Mild forms of hepatitis And can be treated at home: it is important to follow doctor’s orders and carefully monitor hygiene, to keep wet cleaning and disinfection of the premises. Patient to allocate a separate utensils, towels, etc., his personal belongings need to be constantly disinfected. Basic principles for the treatment of mild forms of jaundice – bed regime and diet.