Dietology and nutrition

The peculiarities of nutrition in atherosclerosis: the advice of nutritionists

Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease in which the inner walls of blood vessels delayed cholesterol and other fats in the form of a plaque, and plaque. In the result the vessel walls thicken and lose elasticity, this leads to a narrowing of the arterial lumen and obstruction of blood circulation.

Why atherosclerosis is such a threat? The fact that plaques are the causes of blood clots that further narrow the blood vessels. Thrombosis is the cause of the cessation of the blood supply to a specific organ or tissue that leads to necrosis, or heart attack. A person may develop myocardial infarction, kidney, spleen, intestine and the like. If atherosclerosis affects the arteries of the brain, high risk of stroke. All of these States pose a real danger to human life, and atherosclerosis is considered one of the leading causes of death in the world because it is the basis of most cardiovascular diseases.

Proper nutrition – prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis

this insidious disease need to monitor their lifestyle, especially the food. A significant reason for the increase in levels of “bad” cholesterol in the body is excessive consumption of food with saturated fats contained in animal products: fatty meats and dairy products. Very much cholesterol there is in egg yolks.

So, nutritionists give such General recommendations for the prevention of atherosclerosis:

  • Food should not be excessively high in calories.
  • Approximately 50% of the daily diet should be vegetables and fruits, 30% complex carbohydrates (grains), 20% proteins, mainly fish, poultry, low-fat cottage cheese.
  • The food is better boiled or stewed, fried dishes should be eliminated from the diet, or consume them very rarely. Vegetables and fruits are better to eat fresh, in season.

There are 2 types of diet: for the prevention of atherosclerosis and its treatment.

Therefore, the diet of 1-St degree can and should be used by anyone to protect their vessels from plaques and blood clots. Such a preventive diet is the standard diet of people in many Western countries, it’s time for us to reconsider their habits for cooking and eating dishes. The essence of the diet of the first degree in the following: you should minimize the consumption of egg yolks, liver, kidney, brain, fat, butter, processed cheese, sour cream, fatty meats. Milk and milk products are useful, but only when the fat content in them is not more than 1%. When cooking it is better to use vegetable oil (olive, sunflower). Meat is recommended to eat chicken, Turkey, lamb, veal, beef, rabbit. The fish you can eat any: marine and freshwater. The diet should include lots of foods of plant origin: vegetables, fruits, whole grains. Legumes are also useful.

Diet the 2nd degree is a more rigorous and intended for the treatment of atherosclerosis. Need from the following products altogether:

  • egg yolks;
  • liver, kidney, brains;
  • butter;
  • fat;
  • fatty meats (especially pork);
  • dairy products (except fat-free cottage cheese).

It is best in the treatment of atherosclerosis to limit consumption of fish, legumes, grains, fruits, and vegetables.

To normalize metabolism and improve blood circulation in organs and systems with the help of such herbs as dandelion, sage, hawthorn, St. John’s wort, knotweed, Valerian.
Therefore, teas can be useful.

Atherosclerosis is a “silent” disease that threatens human life that looks and feels completely healthy. Prevention of atherosclerosis is proper nutrition and active, healthy lifestyle. This disease is lately very “younger” for sedentary work, passive leisure activities and junk food. So start eating healthy and properly cooked food is the first thing to do to help their vessels and protect themselves from heart attack, stroke and other fatal pathologies.