One of the most frequent pathologies in newborn babies male cryptorchidism, which is more commonly known as undescended testicle. What is it? What are the implications for health and further life of the boy has this pathology?
What causes cryptorchidism?
Undescended testicle into the scrotum happens in about 2-4% of boys who were born at term, and 15-30% of prematurely born male babies. Sometimes the testicles do not drop both testicles, but usually one.
The formation of the testes starts in the abdominal cavity of the fetus during pregnancy. When they finally formed, should move into the scrotum through the inguinal canal. Normal it occurs before the birth of the boy, but quite late in pregnancy. Therefore, among the premature boys are much more neomusaria egg, it just does not have time to make the necessary “travel”.
Today doctors say that extreme rules is when the testicles descend into the scrotum before the child turns 1 year. Otherwise, the testicle (or testicles) will continue to be in the abdominal cavity or in the inguinal canal, or mistakenly enters the pubis, thighs, perineum. All these options are pathology, with which to fight.
Among the possible causes of this disease doctors call the following:
- Premature birth.
- Problems with hormonal background in women during pregnancy.
- The hereditary tendency.
- Other congenital anomalies, such as inguinal or umbilical hernia.
- Welcome to the future mother during pregnancy certain medications.
Why is this disease dangerous?
If the testicle stays in the abdomen longer than the period, it displays negatively on the process of sperm a man in his reproductive function, because the temperature there is higher than in the scrotum. To the possible consequences of neofuscelia egg include:
- The risk of male infertility in the future.
- Problems with the hormone system.
- Increased likelihood of impotence.
- The appearance of a hernia in the groin area.
- The probability of injury of the testis due to its wrong location.
- The development of a malignant tumor (cancer) of the testis.
How to treat cryptorchidism?
Until the boy age 1 year undescended testicle requires only observation. If after a year the problem persists, it needs to be eliminated. Treatment options two hormonal therapy and surgery. To be more effective and suitable in a particular case is decided by the doctor together with the parents of the boy. Sometimes hormone treatment is ineffective, then surgery. Some doctors and many parents believe that to treat such a small child hormones is not necessary, and the operation here is the best possible solution.
During surgery, the doctor extracts the egg from the place where it is, puts into the scrotum and fix it there. This intervention is considered easy and takes very little time: from half an hour to one and a half hours. The higher the “stuck” eggs, the harder and longer operation. Postoperative period usually occurs quite easily and without complications, although, of course, there are different scenarios. Surgery is always a risk, but in this case it is justified.
To remove the undescended testicle into the scrotum and can be in an older age, but in this case, the treatment will last longer, but recovery after surgery to go heavier. Potomu should not delay the matter, the best time to do everything necessary not to harm life of the future man.