Today, 1 October is the world day of vegetarianism. The rejection of the use of animal products has become a cult: people stop eating meat not only with the aim of becoming more healthy, eating more fruits and vegetables. Vegetarianism as a culture and life style is giving up meat in the first place from an ethical point of view, to save the lives of animals. The opinions about the different, let us look at the pros and cons of vegetarianism.
Vegetarians, vegans, raw foodists – what’s the difference?
There are several types of vegetarianism: some members of the same VEGA-flows do not eat animal products at all, others do not eat only meat, but eat eggs and milk, and the third – eat poultry and fish. What is vegetarianism, you ask, because fish and poultry – are also living beings? An interesting question.
The most radical proponents of the vegetarian lifestyle is vegan (vegetarianism is also divided into several subgroups), for which the ethical factor is in the first place. They not only do not eat animal products, but also do not wear leather and fur. To adhere to this lifestyle or not – a private matter an adult, to carrying during his life responsibility. But often parents are vegetarians project their beliefs to their children, forbidding them to eat not only meat but also milk, eggs, believing that vegetable proteins can replace animal. The pediatricians in this respect a different opinion.
Vegetarianism and children: why pediatricians against
Not support for physicians the idea of vegetarianism is based on the fact that plant foods contain not all necessary for the healthy functioning of the body amino acids. Most of the essential amino acids contained in foods of animal origin. Therefore, doctors advise not to abandon the products of animal origin, combining them with vegetables, fruits, grains, nuts.
To problems with health and development in children leads to strict vegetarianism: such children have anemia (anemia) due to iron deficiency, growth retardation due to deficiency of protein, b vitamins, zinc; vitamin deficiency and rickets. These children quickly get tired, look paler than their omnivorous peers. Therefore, pediatricians say that to forbid children eat not only meat, but also eggs, fish, dairy products are very harmful. The other extreme is to force a child to eat meat if he doesn’t want: including a children’s menu in addition to eggs and dairy products fish and poultry can achieve a balanced diet.
The pros and cons of vegetarianism for adults
Advantages of vegetarian diet doctors believe high amounts of fiber, vitamin C, carotenes and low in saturated fat and cholesterol in this menu. Plant food helps to reduce weight, improve bowel function, in addition, a number of diseases of vegetable diet is actually recommended. But if vegetarians begin to compensate for the shortcomings of the taste of vegetable food ingredients from the fatty vegetable and animal oils, the healthy kind of food can not be called.
A common problem in the health of the hard vegetarians is iron deficiency. Because easily digested iron contained in meat products. And iron deficiency leads to problems with blood formation, the respiratory system, weakens the immune system etc. the Main principle of healthy nutrition is variety of food and vegetarianism from the diet fall as much as 2 of the group of important products. Constantly also replace the missing vitamins, micro and macronutrients vitamin complexes and supplements are also fraught with health problems. Therefore, physicians do not recommend a vegetarian diet for children, adolescents, pregnant women and the elderly.