Cardiology

What is coronary bypass surgery? In what diseases it is shown?

Coronary artery bypass grafting, or simply a coronary bypass is a surgery aimed at restoration of blood flow in the major heart arteries. Most often, these arteries become narrow due to coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis. Surgeons put a shunt to increase blood flow to the heart, creating detours in the blood vessels. Who can help this operation?

Indications for coronary bypass surgery

The main indications for surgery are the following:

  • The patient left vinicna artery 50% impassable.
  • The patient has narrowed heart all vessels more than 70%.
  • The patient was diagnosed with stenosis of the arteries of the heart, combined with stenosis of the proximal anterior interventricular artery.

Coronary artery bypass grafting is indicated for patients with angina, signs of myocardial ischemia, those for whom medication has proven ineffective. There are also patients for whom bypass surgery need additional support before or during other heart surgery. For example, bypass surgery is recommended before surgery on the valves, myocardial ischemia.

What are the benefits of coronary artery bypass grafting?

Thanks to this operation fails:

  • To restore blood flow in heart arteries, which worsened due to their contraction.
  • To return the patient to a nearly normal life after surgery, significantly reducing the risk of heart attack and other related heart disease.
  • To stop angina attacks that have a significant influence on the deterioration of human life.
  • To provide long-lasting therapeutic effect, increase the lifespan of normal quality.

Possible complications after surgery

As with any surgery, bypass grafting of blood vessels of the heart has certain risks. Chief among them are the following:

  • The development of bleeding.
  • Thrombosis of the veins.
  • Myocardial infarction.
  • The development of atrial fibrillation.
  • A stroke as a result of violations of blood circulation in the vessels of the brain.
  • Infection in the result of the operation.

All of these complications are unlikely but they are possible. Any surgery is a risk, this should be ready. Complications are more likely if the patient has severe angina, atherosclerosis, launched a common condition. So the sooner the surgery, the more favorable the outcome. In women, complications occur more often than in men, due to the smaller diameter coronary vessels. Also risks are higher in elderly patients, those who are sick with diabetes, chronic lung disease, renal failure, suffers from poor blood clotting.

Successfully performed coronary artery bypass grafting allows us to correct the health problem of the patient. Note, however, that surgically it is impossible to cure the disease that provoked the need for coronary bypass surgery – atherosclerosis. Therefore it is very important after surgery to follow the principles of proper nutrition, control blood pressure, not Smoking, not overweight, to control blood sugar levels, more walk in the fresh air. The patient also needs to avoid stressful situations.

Coronary bypass surgery is quite effective operation that can significantly improve the quality of human life. If a cardiologist recommends her to do, most likely, he has grounds for it, and for him to listen. However, this transaction should be properly prepared and not to forget the importance of responsible attitude in the postoperative period.

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