Enterovirus infection is a group of diseases that arise due to the ingestion of RNA-containing virus, many of which are pathogenic for humans. Enterovirus manifested usually General intoxication of the organism and today is quite common. How can you protect yourself from infection, and what to do if the infection still suffered person?
Causes and symptoms of enteroviral infections
Contracting the enterovirus can from an infected person or carrier who is not sick and is only a vector. Most often, the enterovirus affects children. It is transmitted fecal-oral and food-way, and therefore I say that man was poisoned during a meal. Often the infection occurs via contaminated vegetables and fruits that have been poorly washed. The enterovirus enters the fruit when watering with wastewater, and then our table. Also, the enterovirus can be transmitted through dirty hands through everyday life.
The incubation period of the disease lasts from 2 to 7 days. The symptoms are quite diverse. The main ones are:
- the increase in body temperature that can reach 39-40°C, and can last for several days;
- pain in the abdomen;
- skin rashes.
In General, we are talking about the symptoms of intoxication, which can manifest itself with different degrees of intensity.
What to do when signs of enterovirus infection?
When the first signs of enterovirus should seek the advice of a physician. If the human condition is very heavy, we are talking about a strong intoxication and dehydration, it may be necessary to call an ambulance.
Treatment is symptomatic and aimed at the removal of intoxication symptoms. It does not always require hospitalization, but if there are signs of dehydration, and the patient cannot drink through continual vomiting, it is better not to risk and to go to the hospital. Also sometimes necessary correction of fluid and electrolyte balance, which is held by certain drugs on prescription. If the condition is a life threatening, may require intensive therapy and CPR.
If assistance will be provided late or incorrectly, may develop in a patient of complications such as pneumonia, acute respiratory failure, dehydration. Is enterovirus meningitis, when it is possible brain swelling, seizures, mental disorders, death of the patient.
Prevention of enterovirus
The best way to prevent enterovirus infections – personal hygiene and sanitary-epidemiological norms of cooking and eating. We must not forget about the importance of hand washing with soap to properly wash vegetables, fruits, berries before use, heat treatment of food products. Should be taught to clean their children, outreach work in kindergartens and schools.
Relative to the more global prevention tools, these include disinfection of sewage, the sanitary control of food in catering establishments, control of industrial waste and getting them into the sewage. All these activities should be conducted at national, regional and local level.
More of all it is necessary to rely on yourself and to avoid getting the virus in the body through unwashed hands or food. Enteroviruses are very much one of them are quite safe, others are the cause of severe dangerous diseases. Therefore, it is better not to risk and to use all possible preventive means to avoid infection.